Erythropoiesis in the Rps19 disrupted mouse: Analysis of erythropoietin response and biochemical markers for Diamond-Blackfan anemia

Department of Genetics and Pathology, The Rudbeck Laboratory, Uppsala University, 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden
Blood Cells Molecules and Diseases (Impact Factor: 2.65).


The human ribosomal protein S19 gene (RPS19) is mutated in approximately 20% of patients with Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA), a congenital disease with a specific defect in erythropoiesis. The clinical expression of DBA is highly variable, and subclinical phenotypes may be revealed by elevated erythrocyte deaminase (eADA) activity only. In mice, complete loss of Rps19 results in early embryonic lethality whereas Rps19+/− mice are viable and without major abnormalities including the hematopoietic system. We have performed a detailed analysis of the Rps19+/− mice. We estimated the Rps19 levels in hematopoietic tissues and we analyzed erythrocyte deaminase activity and globin isoforms which are used as markers for DBA. The effect of a disrupted Rps19 allele on a different genetic background was investigated as well as the response to erythropoietin (EPO). From our results, we argue that the loss of one Rps19 allele in mice is fully compensated for at the transcriptional level with preservation of erythropoiesis.

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Available from: Hans Matsson, Dec 03, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Diamond Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a genetically and clinically heterogeneous disorder characterized by erythroid failure, congenital anomalies, and a predisposition to cancer. Faulty ribosome biogenesis is hypothesized to be the underlying defect, leading to erythroid failure due to accelerated apoptosis in affected erythroid progenitors/precursors. Since first observed in DBA, pro-apoptotic hematopoiesis has been recognized as a common mechanism for hematopoietic failure in virtually all of the inherited bone marrow failure syndromes. Inherited as an autosomal dominant trait, one of what appears to be multiple DBA genes, coding for ribosomal protein RPS19, has been cloned. The discovery of additional genes will no doubt clarify the molecular pathophysiology of this disorder. Even within families, individuals may vary dramatically as to the degree of anemia, treatment response, and the presence of congenital anomalies. The study of DBA has been facilitated by the creation of international patient registries that provide more reliable information regarding clinical presentation, genetics, and outcome, as well as descriptions of congenital malformations and cancer predisposition, than can be culled from the literature. Analysis of registry data has led to improvements in clinical care and provides patients and research specimens for clinical and laboratory investigations.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2006 · Seminars in Hematology
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    ABSTRACT: Diamond-Blackfan anaemia (DBA) is a congenital anaemia and broad developmental disease that develops soon after birth. The anaemia is due to failure of erythropoiesis, with normal platelet and myeloid lineages, and it can be managed with steroids, blood transfusions, or stem cell transplantation. Normal erythropoiesis after transplantation shows that the defect is intrinsic to an erythroid precursor. DBA is inherited in about 10-20% of cases, and genetic studies have identified mutations in a ribosomal protein gene, RPS19, in 25% of cases; there is evidence for involvement of at least two other genes. In yeast, RPS19 deletion leads to a block in ribosomal RNA biogenesis. The critical question is how mutations in RPS19 lead to the failure of proliferation and differentiation of erythroid progenitors. While this question has not yet been answered, understanding the biology of DBA may provide insight not only into the defect in erythropoisis, but also into the other developmental abnormalities that are present in about 40% of patients, and into the cancer predisposition that is inherent to DBA.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2006 · British Journal of Haematology
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    ABSTRACT: Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a congenital erythroid aplasia that usually presents as macrocytic anemia during infancy. Linkage analysis suggests that at least 4 genes are associated with DBA of which 2 have been identified so far. The known DBA genes encode the ribosomal proteins S19 and S24 accounting for 25% and 2% of the patients, respectively. Herein, we review possible links between ribosomal proteins and erythropoiesis that might explain DBA pathogenesis. Recent studies and emerging findings suggest that a malfunctioning translational machinery may be a cause of anemia in patients with DBA.
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