Sleep quality and psychological wellbeing in mothers of children with developmental disabilities
Olga Tennison Autism Research Centre, School of Psychological Science, La Trobe University, Bundoora 3086, VIC 3086, Australia Research in Developmental Disabilities
(Impact Factor: 3.4).
06/2009; 30(6):1512-1522. DOI: 10.1016/j.ridd.2009.07.007
Sleep and behavioural difficulties are common in children with developmental disabilities. Mothers often wake and tend to their child when their child is having sleep difficulties. Therefore, mothers of children with developmental disabilities can have poor sleep quality due to these disruptions. The present study investigated the impact of sleep and behaviour problems in children with developmental disabilities on mothers’ sleep quality and psychological wellbeing. The sample consisted of 46 mothers and 50 children with developmental disabilities. The results indicated that greater sleep and behaviour problems in children were significantly associated with disturbed sleep and increased depression, anxiety and stress levels in mothers. Mothers’ sleep disturbance was also found to significantly predict poor maternal psychological wellbeing. The research limitations, implications of findings, and directions for future research are also discussed.
Available from: PubMed Central
- "The subjects of this study also complained of various sleep problems such as bedtime resistance, sleep onset difficulties, difficulties with morning awakening, daytime sleepiness. Moderate and severe sleep problems lower the quality of living for ADHD patients as well as other members of the family6,34). Thus, adequate treatments will be essential. "
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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common disorder in school-aged children. Patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS) often present with ADHD symptoms and vice versa. This study was the first to attempt to identify the prevalence of RLS and sleep problems in children with ADHD in Korea.
Patients diagnosed with ADHD were asked to complete a sleep questionnaire. The sleep questionnaire included items to help identify the presence of four typical symptoms that are used as diagnostic criteria for RLS.
A total of 56 patients, including 51 boys and 5 girls (mean age, 10.7 years old) participated. Of these, 24 complained of pain, discomfort, or an unpleasant sensation in the legs. Based on the RLS diagnostic criteria, 2 patients were diagnosed with definite RLS and 4 with probable RLS. There were no significant differences in age, medication dosage, or neuropsychological test scores between the patients with and without RLS symptoms.
Approximately 42.9% of patients with ADHD presented with RLS symptoms and 7.1% of these were diagnosed with RLS. Patients with ADHD also experienced various other sleep disorders. Thus, appropriate assessment and treatment for sleep disorders in patients with ADHD is essential.
Available from: Matthew W Gallagher
- "In this study, we first replicated our previous findings (Hamilton et al., 2007) that concurrent insomnia symptoms may play an important role in determining an individual's levels of SWB and EWB. These findings are consistent with the few other studies that have investigated the role of sleep on psychological well-being, which found that sleep disturbance was related to decreased psychological well-being in mothers of children with developmental disabilities (Chu & Richdale, 2009) and good sleep quality was related to increased psychological well-being in Japanese working men (Kawada et al., 2011). In this study, Model 1 also expanded our Figure 2. Longitudinal effects of insomnia symptoms on well-being and psychological distress. "
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Most Americans have occasional problems with symptoms of insomnia. Insomnia symptoms have been linked to psychological distress, but few studies have examined the relationship between insomnia symptoms and well-being. The purpose of the present study was to assess the relationship between insomnia symptoms reported in a 10-year longitudinal study and the dimensions of subjective well-being and eudaimonic well-being, adjusting for the potential confounds of age, gender, and comorbid physical illness.
The data for the present study came from the National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States. Participants were 4,014 community dwelling adults (M age = 56.27 years, SD = 12.4; 55.4% female; 91.6% White).
After adjusting for demographic characteristics and a wide range of chronic physical health conditions, we found that insomnia symptoms had a significant relationship with both subjective and eudaimonic well-being. Furthermore, the report of insomnia symptoms at 2 time points 10 years apart was found to have an additional impact on subjective and eudaimonic well-being.
Results of this study suggest that insomnia symptoms have a strong relationship to individuals enjoying life and perceiving that one has a meaningful life. In addition, these data suggest that the experience of recurrent insomnia symptoms at 2 time points is particularly detrimental to one's well-being.
Available from: Jon N Havenhand
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ABSTRACT: Recent research has indicated concern for the degree of stress and emotional well-being among university staff. This study examined the effectiveness of yoga in enhancing emotional well-being and resilience to stress among university employees.
In a randomized controlled trial at a British university, we recruited 48 employees and randomized them into either a yoga or a wait-list control group. The yoga group was offered six weeks of Dru Yoga, comprising one 60-minute class per week. These classes were offered by a certified Dru Yoga instructor at lunchtime from January-March 2008. The wait-list control group received no intervention during this six-week study. Baseline and end-program measurements of self-reported mood and well-being were self-assessed with the Profile of Mood States - Bipolar (POMS-Bi) and the Inventory of Positive Psychological Attitudes (IPPA).
This six-week yoga intervention resulted in significantly improved POMS-Bi and IPPA scores for the yoga compared to the wait-list control group for seven of eight measures of mood and well-being. In comparison to the wait-list control group at baseline and the end of the program, the yoga group reported marked improvements in feelings of clear-mindedness, composure, elation, energy, and confidence. In addition, the yoga group reported increased life purpose and satisfaction, and feelings of greater self-confidence during stressful situations.
These results show that even a short program of yoga is effective for enhancing emotional well-being and resilience to stress in the workplace. We suggest that employers should consider offering yoga classes to their employees.
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