Article

Job Satisfaction and Gender: Why Are Women So Happy at Work?

{ "0" : "OECD, Education, Employment, Labour & Social Affairs, 2 rue André Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France" , "2" : "C13" , "3" : "J16" , "4" : "J28" , "5" : "J71" , "6" : "Job satisfaction" , "7" : "Gender" , "8" : "Comparisons" , "9" : "Expectations"}
Labour Economics (Impact Factor: 0.92). 02/1995; 4(4):341-372. DOI: 10.1016/S0927-5371(97)00010-9

ABSTRACT

By most objective standards, women's jobs are worse than men's, yet women report higher levels of job satisfaction than do men. This paper uses a recent large-scale British survey to document the extent of this gender differential for eight measures of job satisfaction and to evaluate the proposition that identical men and women in identical jobs should be equally satisfied. Neither the different jobs that men and women do, their different work values, nor sample selection account for the gender satisfaction differential. The paper's proposed explanation appeals to the notion of relative well-being, especially relative to workers' expectations. An identical man and woman with the same jobs and expectations would indeed report identical job satisfaction, but women's expectations are argued to be lower than men's. This hypothesis is supported by the finding that the gender satisfaction differential disappears for the young, the higher-educated, professionals and those in male-dominated workplaces, for all of whom there is less likely to be a gender difference in job expectations.

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    • "Diğer yandan, kadın ve erkeklerin işlerinden tatmin olma düzeyleri ile ilgili çeşitli çalışmalar yapılmıştır. Bazı araştırmalarda kadınların erkeklerden daha çok iş tatmini yaşadığı görülürken (Clark, 1997), bazılarında ise erkeklerin daha çok iş tatmini yaşadığı gözlemlenmiştir (Forgionne ve Peeters, 1982). Çalışanlarla ilgili ele alınan bir diğer faktör ise eğitim düzeyidir. "

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    • "In contrast , over-skilled and over-educated men are more dissatisfied than women. Our results support the transitory phenomenon of Clark (1997), " the expectations interpretation suggests that women's higher job satisfaction may be a transitory phenomenon, caused by women's improved position in the labour force relative to their expectations. Once women's labour market rewards stop improving, men's and women's reported satisfaction should be identical. "

    No preview · Article · Nov 2015
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    • "In tourism and hospitality, as well as in many other industries, employees' attitude towards the company where they work depends primarily on job satisfaction. Thus, studying job satisfaction can give us an insight into how the employees perceive certain aspects of the hospitality and tourism sector (Clark, 1997). However, the tourism sector is specific in that it has unique aspects which contribute to a high turnover among employees: high work intensity, a poorly developed internal labour market, low social status and a low level of professional prestige. "
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    ABSTRACT: This article analyses the relation between job insecurity, job satisfaction and organizational commitment among employees of companies working in the tourism sector in Novi Sad, Serbia. The article aims to discover whether and to what extent there is a relation between these three variables, drawing on theoretical approaches and a questionnaire conducted in Novi Sad in 2012/2013 on a sample of 149 respondents in companies involved in tourism (hotels, tourist agencies and restaurants). The results indicate that there are strong positive correlations between organizational commitment and the variables which measure job satisfaction, while job insecurity correlates negatively with the variables which describe job satisfaction and organizational commitment.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2015 · Economic and Industrial Democracy
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