Article

A survey and analysis on public awareness and performance for promoting circular economy in China: A case study from Tianjin

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nankai University, 94 Weijin Road, 300071 Tianjin, PR China
Journal of Cleaner Production (Impact Factor: 3.84). 01/2009; 17(2):265-270. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2008.06.003

ABSTRACT

The main objective of this study is to create a better understanding of public awareness and performance in the promotion of a Circular Economy (CE) in Tianjin, China. The data and information used in this paper were collected by distributing questionnaires randomly in 6 urban districts and interviewing 600 respondents. The results indicate that the residents have limited awareness and a poor understanding about the CE program. However, they hold a positive attitude toward garbage sorting while most of the residents simply classify the garbage into categories that can be sold, reused or exchanged for new ones. People's awareness of the CE program has a positive correlation to their educational level, whereas their pro-environmental and resource conservation behavior has a positive correlation to the age of the respondents.

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    • "Product Recyling and Reuse, Scavengers and Decomposers Noronha 1999; Geng and Coté 2002. Green consumption and Green Public Procurement Feng and Yan 2007; Geng and Doberstein 2008; Liu et al. 2009; Liao and Li 2010; Sønderskov and Daugbjerg 2011; Su et al. 2013; Zhu et al. 2013; Resource 2015. "
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    ABSTRACT: In the last few years circular economy (CE) is receiving increasing attention worldwide as a way to overcome the current production and consumption model based on continuous growth and increasing resource throughput. By promoting the adoption of closing-the-loop production patterns within an economic system CE aims to increase the efficiency of resource use, with special focus on urban and industrial waste, to achieve a better balance and harmony between economy, environment and society. This study provides an extensive review of the literature of last two decades, with the purpose of grasping the main CE features and perspectives: origins, basic principles, advantages and disadvantages, modelling and implementation of CE at the different levels (micro, meso and macro) worldwide. Results evidence that CE origins are mainly rooted in ecological and environmental economics and industrial ecology. In China CE is promoted as a top-down national political objective while in other areas and countries as European Union, Japan and USA it is a tool to design bottom-up environmental and waste management policies. The ultimate goal of promoting CE is the decoupling of environmental pressure from economic growth. The implementation of CE worldwide still seems in the early stages, mainly focused on recycle rather than reuse. Important results have been achieved in some activity sectors (e.g. in waste management, where large waste recycling rates are achieved in selected developed countries). CE implies the adoption of cleaner production patterns at company level, an increase of producers and consumers responsibility and awareness, the use of renewable technologies and materials (wherever possible) as well as the adoption of suitable, clear and stable policies and tools. The lesson learned from successful experiences is that the transition towards CE comes from the involvement of all actors of the society and their capacity to link and create suitable collaboration and exchange patterns. Success stories also point out the need for an economic return on investment, in order to provide suitable motivation to companies and investors. In summary, the CE transition has just started. Moreover, the interdisciplinary framework underpinning CE offers good prospects for gradual improvement of the present production and consumption models, no longer adequate because of their environmental load and social inequity, a clear indicator of resource use inefficiency.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Journal of Cleaner Production
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    • "Product Recyling and Reuse, Scavengers and Decomposers Noronha 1999; Geng and Coté 2002. Green consumption and Green Public Procurement Feng and Yan 2007; Geng and Doberstein 2008; Liu et al. 2009; Liao and Li 2010; Sønderskov and Daugbjerg 2011; Su et al. 2013; Zhu et al. 2013; Resource 2015. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the last few years Circular Economy (CE) is receiving increasing attention worldwide as a way to overcome the current production and consumption model based on continuous growth and increasing resource throughput. By promoting the adoption of closing-the-loop production patterns within an economic system CE aims to increase the efficiency of resource use, with special focus on urban and industrial waste, to achieve a better balance and harmony between economy, environment and society. This study provides an extensive review of the literature of last two decades, with the purpose of grasping the main CE features and perspectives: origins, basic principles, advantages and disadvantages, modelling and implementation of CE at the different levels (micro, meso and macro) worldwide.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2015 · Journal of Cleaner Production
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    • "The CES should be based on the 5R principles, i.e., Reduction, Reuse, Recycling, Recovery, and Reclamation. Studies on business strategies (Ellen Macarthur Foundation, 2012), public awareness analyses (Liu et al., 2009) and case studies such as iron/ steelmaking (Ma et al., 2014) and printed circuit boards (Wen and Meng, 2015) industries have been carried out for promoting the CES to decouple the economic growth from environmental degradation , and build a resource-saving society. It was noted that the use of technological and emergent innovative practices can improve the value of organizations and supply chains while reducing the environmental degradation caused by their economic growth (Park et al., 2010). "
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    ABSTRACT: To simultaneously solve the dilemma of energy demand, waste management, and greenhouse gas emission for communities globally, the waste-to-energy (WTE) supply chain as district energy system should be a viable method towards circular industrial economy. Several essential state-of-the-art WTE technologies including combustion, gasification and anaerobic digestion were evaluated. Portfolio options of technologies for different types of WTE supply chains were illustrated for achieving circular economy system. Since policy makers have to address the public concerns prior to promulgate and implement relating regulations, the strategies on implementation of WTE supply chain were proposed to overcome the challenging barriers from the aspects of technology, finance, institution and regulation. A total of eight key task-forces were also proposed for effectively executing the strategies. Furthermore, several successful lessons on WTE supply chains such as green fuel pellet for heating supply and co-digestion of organic wastes for bio-gas production around the world were reviewed and illustrated.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2015 · Journal of Cleaner Production
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