Deforestation, distribution and development

ArticleinGlobal Environmental Change 11(3):193-202 · October 2001with29 Reads
DOI: 10.1016/S0959-3780(00)00057-1 · Source: OAI
Abstract
This paper investigates the role played by distributional factors in mediating the effects of growth and development on forest depletion in tropical developing countries. A key finding of the paper is that the distributional profile of a country significantly determines whether economic development will have either a positive or a negative effect on the rate of forest loss. In countries where levels of inequality are high, development will tend to exacerbate deforestation rates while in countries where distributional profiles are more egalitarian, the negative effects of growth and development on forest cover will be ameliorated.
    • "Countries with high forest area per capita and low income per capita tend to prioritize economic growths using the resources (Maini, 2003). There have been extensive studies that link national wealth and deforestation (Barbier and Burgess, 2001; Koop and Tole, 2001; Meyer et al., 2003; Rudel et al., 2005) Over the past decades, management of forests in many countries across the world has been centred on how to use the resources to accelerate economic development (Arts et al., 2010). This explains excessive extractions of valuable timber between 1960s and 1980s. "
    Article · Dec 2016
    • "The relationship between degradation and welfare is frequently explained using a Kuznets environmental (inverted U-shaped) curve, which describes an increase in per capita income with increasing vegetation loss, until a turning point is reached. After that, further increases in income are associated with reductions in land clearing and even with an increase in reforestation [25,68]. In the case of the north of Minas Gerais (and likely the Cerrado biome as a whole), the relationship between the loss of Cerrado over time and human welfare seems scale-dependent. "
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2016
    • "Other reviews indicated serious problems with data sources, the econometric techniques , problems in control variables, differences in geographical areas and also things like publication bias. Koop and Tole find no EKC for deforestation in Latin America – arguing that policy arrangements, institutions and distortions affecting land use differ so much as to defy useful comparisons (Koop and Tole 2001). Mills and Waite, running data on 35 countries, show no relation between country wealth and forest conservation (Mills and Waite 2009). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Forest dynamics in the Latin American tropics now take directions that no one would have predicted a decade ago. Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon has dropped by over 80 percent, a pattern mimicked elsewhere in Amazonia, and is down by more than a third in Central America. Forest resurgence – increasing forest cover in inhabited landscapes or abandoned lands – is also expanding. In Latin America, woodland cover is increasing, at least for now, more than it is being lost. These dramatic shifts suggest quite profound and rapid transformations of agrarian worlds, and imply that previous models of understanding small-farmer dynamics merit significant review centering less on field agriculture and more on emergent forest regimes, and in many ways a new, increasingly globalized economic and policy landscape that emphasizes woodlands.This paper analyzes changing deforestation drivers and the implications of forest recovery and wooded landscapes emerging through social pressure, social policy, new government agencies, governance, institutions, ideologies, markets, migration and ‘neo-liberalization’ of nature. These changes include an expanded, but still constrained, arena for new social movements and civil society. These point to significant structural changes, changes in tropical natures, and require reframing of the ‘peasant question’ and the functions of rurality in the twenty-first century in light of forest dynamics.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2014
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