Magnetoresistance of granular ferromagnets—observation of a magnetic proximity effect?

Department of Physics, University of California, La Jolla, San Diego, CA 92093, USA
Solid State Communications (Impact Factor: 1.9). 10/1998; 110(9):485-490. DOI: 10.1016/S0038-1098(99)00116-7
Source: arXiv


We have observed a superparamagnetic to ferromagnetic transition in films of isolated Ni grains covered by non-magnetic overlayers. The magnetoresistance (MR) of the films was measured as a function of the overlayer thickness. Initially, the granular Ni films exhibited negative MR curves peaked at H=0. As different materials were deposited onto the grains hysteresis developed in the MR. This behavior is ascribed to an increase of the typical domain size because of the magnetic coupling between grains. The strength of the inter-grain coupling is found to correlate with the magnetic susceptibility of the overlayer material. We discuss possible mechanisms for this coupling and suggest that the data may reflect the existence of a magnetic proximity effect (analogous to the well-known effect in superconductivity) in which a ferromagnetic moment is induced in the metallic non-magnetic medium.

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