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Prisby, R. D., Lafage-Proust, M. H., Malaval, L., Belli, A. & Vico, L. Effects of whole body vibration on the skeleton and other organ systems in man and animal models: what we know and what we need to know. Ageing Res. Rev. 7, 319-329

Université Jean-Monnet, Saint-Etienne F42023, France
Ageing research reviews (Impact Factor: 4.94). 12/2008; 7(4):319-329. DOI: 10.1016/j.arr.2008.07.004
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Previous investigations reported enhanced osseous parameters subsequent to administration of whole body vibration (WBV). While the efficacy of WBV continues to be explored, scientific inquiries should consider several key factors. Bone remodeling patterns differ according to age and hormonal status. Therefore, WBV protocols should be designed specifically for the subject population investigated. Further, administration of WBV to individuals at greatest risk for osteoporosis may elicit secondary physiological benefits (e.g., improved balance and mobility). Secondly, there is a paucity of data in the literature regarding the physiological modulation of WBV on other organ systems and tissues. Vibration-induced modulation of systemic hormones may provide a mechanism by which skeletal tissue is enhanced. Lastly, the most appropriate frequencies, durations, and amplitudes of vibration necessary for a beneficial response are unknown, and the type of vibratory signal (e.g., sinusoidal) is often not reported. This review summarizes the physiological responses of several organ systems in an attempt to link the global influence of WBV. Further, we report findings focused on subject populations that may benefit most from such a therapy (i.e., the elderly, postmenopausal women, etc.) in hopes of eliciting multidisciplinary scientific inquiries into this potentially therapeutic aid which presumably has global ramifications.

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Available from: Luc Malaval
    • "Several meta-analysis studies had been done in human patients to prove the benefits of the WBV but in several instances the lack of information or differences in methodologies hampered the establishment of a protocol pattern (Cardinale and Wakeling, 2005; Cochrane, 2011; Lau et al., 2011; Osawa et al., 2013). In addition, despite the possible benefits of WBV platform exposure, other implications and adverse effects prior its use must be determined (Cardinale and Wakeling, 2005; Prisby et al., 2008; Lau et al., 2011; Carstanjen et al., 2013). Therefore, in the present study only one session was employed to evaluate the acute response to WBV in an internal organ. "
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    ABSTRACT: Exercises involving whole-body vibration are useful for stimulation and physical rehabilitation. However, it is necessary to verify its effects not only on musculoskeletal tissues but also on internal organs. This study aimed to investigate the influence of the whole-body vibration platform on the renal resistive index in healthy dogs. Ten clinically healthy dogs of different breeds, 6 males and 4 females, aged from 1.7-3.5 years (mean 2.1±0.6 SD) and weighing from 20.5-41 kg (mean 32.1±7.1 SD), were used. The dogs were submitted to one session on a whole-body vibration platform (Thera Plate) at 30 Hz frequency for 5 min, followed by 50 Hz for 5 min and finishing with 30 Hz for 5 min. The renal artery resistive index of the left kidney was measured before and immediately after the whole-body vibration platform session, using a spectral doppler ultrasound (Triplex doppler imaging). The mean resistive index values before and immediately after the session were 0.65 (±0.04 SD) and 0.63 (±0.05 SD), respectively. In conclusion, the resistive index is not altered by a single whole-body vibration session using the TheraPlate platform.
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    • "An effect in the muscle with a local consequence and/or with interference in the central nervous system can be suggested as direct effect. Moreover, the action in the central nervous system can induce fluctuations in the plasma concentration of hormonal and non hormonal biomarkers (Prisby et al., 2008; Rittweger, 2010; Cochrane, 2011). Importance of the neuroendocrine response to the vibrations seems to be clear due to the hormone fluctuations demonstrated for several authors (Di Loreto et al., 2004; Goto and Takamatsu, 2005; Cardinale et al., 2010; Santos-Filho et al., 2011; Di Giminiani et al., 2014) in subjects submitted to this physical agent. "
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    ABSTRACT: Vibration is a mechanical stimulus that is characterized by an oscillatory motion. When there is a direct contact of a person, in general standing on the base of this type of platform, the vibration that is produced in these machines is transmitted to the body of the subject producing whole body vibration (WBV) exercises. Biological effects can be associated with the WBV exercises with desirable and undesirable consequences. These effects of the WBV exercises seem to be related to a direct effect in a tissue/organ/system and/or or to indirect effects due to alteration of the plasma concentration of some hormonal and non hormonal biomarkers. The aim of this investigation is to present a revision about hormonal and non hormonal biomarkers in human beings submitted to WBV exercises that have suffered alteration in the plasma concentrations. Searches were performed in the PubMed and Scopus databases with the key words " whole body vibration ". Papers were selected following defined criteria. Considering the WBV exercise, hormonal fluctuations of testosterone, growth, insulin-like growth factor1, epinephrine, norepinephrine, cortisol, irisin, parathyroid hormone and sclerotin are observed. Non hormonal biomarkers have suffered alterations in response to WBV, as glucose, free fatty acids, adiponectin, transforming growth factor-beta1, nitric oxide, osteopontin, interleukin-1beta, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, cartilage oligometric matrix protein and tumor necrosis factor-alpha in plasma concentration. In conclusion, putting together the findings related to the alterations of the concentration of hormonal and non hormonal biomarkers due to the WBV exercises, it is possible that the fluctuations in the plasma concentrations of these biomarkers might help us understand better the biological effects of this kind of exercises, probably due to neuroendrocrine responses.
    Full-text · Article · May 2015 · Scientific research and essays
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    • "The exercises in the whole body due to the exposition to energy as vibrations (whole body vibrations exercise—WBV) generated in oscillating/vibratory platform that is transferred to a subject that is in direct contact with the platform seem to bring various benefits [28] [29] [30]. There are various devices of platforms that can be used to transfer energy when the individual, in general, is with the feet on the teeterboard of the platform. "
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    ABSTRACT: Vibrations produced in oscillating/vibratory platform generate whole body vibration (WBV) exercises, which are important in sports, as well as in treating diseases, promoting rehabilitation, and improving the quality of life.WBV exercises relevantly increase themuscle strength,muscle power, and the bone mineral density, aswell as improving the postural control, the balance, and the gait. An important number of publications are found in the PubMed database with the keyword “flexibility” and eight of the analyzed papers involving WBV and flexibility reached a level of evidence II. The biggest distance between the third finger of the hand to the floor (DBTFF) of a patient with metabolic syndrome (MS) was found before the first session and was considered to be 100%. The percentages to the other measurements in the different sessions were determined to be related to the 100%. It is possible to see an immediate improvement after each session with a decrease of the %DBTFF. As the presence of MS is associated with poorer physical performance, a simple and safe protocol usingWBV exercises promoted an improvement of the flexibility in a patient with MS.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2014
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