Economic growth, CO2 emissions, and fossil fuels consumption in Iran

Department of Economics, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Energy (Impact Factor: 4.84). 12/2010; 35(12):5115-5120. DOI: 10.1016/


Environmental issues have attracted renewed interest and more attention during recent years due to climatic problems associated with the increased levels of pollution and the deterioration of the environmental quality as a result of increased human activity. This paper investigates the causal relationships between economic growth, carbon emission, and fossil fuels consumption, using the relatively new time series technique known as the Toda-Yamamoto method for Iran during the period 1967–2007. Total fossil fuels, petroleum products, and natural gas consumption are used as three proxies for energy consumption. Empirical results suggest a unidirectional Granger causality running from GDP and two proxies of energy consumption (petroleum products and natural gas consumption) to carbon emissions, and no Granger causality running from total fossil fuels consumption to carbon emissions in the long run. The results also show that carbon emissions, petroleum products, and total fossil fuels consumption do not lead to economic growth, though gas consumption does.

Download full-text


Available from: Maliheh Ashena, Mar 02, 2014
  • Source
    • "Feedback hypothesis occurs, if there is a bidirectional causality between EC and economic growth [2], [14], [4], [5]. Conservation hypothesis arises only when there is one-way causality running from economic growth to energy consumption [6], [7], [8]. Growth hypothesis exists only if EC causes economic growth [9], [10], [11], [12]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The main objective of this study is to investigate the short-run and long-run estimates and causal relationship between energy consumption, trade and economic growth for Belgium in three different multivariate models in which economic growth, energy consumption and trade are dependent variables, respectively. This study confirms the existence of long-run relationship between the analyzed variables in the three models. In addition, the short-run and long-run elasticities are statistically significant in all the proposed models. Furthermore, the Granger causality test shows the evidence of feedback hypothesis between economic growth and energy consumption, between economic growth and trade, and between energy consumption and trade both in the short-run and long-run. Thus, Belgium should promote energy consumption and trade through appropriate policies to obtain sustainable long-run economic growth.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2016
    • "The ratio of nominal GDP to energy consumption is widely used to indicate the energy efficiency of economic development by both governments and scientists[54], but it is also widely criticized for having many weak points both for economic and energy valuation, e.g. the failure to consider deflation and inflation[1,13,21,42], and the lack of consideration of energy quality[7,10,676869. In considering the economic aspects of Japan's post-WWII growth, the trend of real GDP growth showed a near linear increase in the Japanese economy over the 66 years from 1946 to 2011. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this volume, 42 papers are presented that resulted from the 8th Biennial Emergy Conference held in Gainesville, Florida in January 2014. Some of these were published elsewhere as journal articles, and for those papers, we include the abstract and the citation for the article. Because of the large numbers of papers, we have organized them into “Themes” or sections, spanning from theory, ecosystem analysis and technology applications to analysis of agricultural, rural, economic and social systems, and ending with advances in emergy methodology. A quick scan through the Table of Contents demonstrates the varied applicability of the emergy methodology, with papers addressing theoretical concepts, ecosystem services, urban waste issues, technology, agriculture, energy sources, regional and national analyses, and many other subjects. Held every two years in Gainesville on the University of Florida campus, the “Emergy Conference” has grown steadily from about 35 participants in 1999 to over 85 participants in the January 2014 conference. The proceedings of the conference, published by the Center for Environmental Policy at the University of Florida has increased in size from a book of 26 papers resulting from the 1999 conference to 42 papers from the 2014 conference. The Conference is truly international, bringing together scientists representing over 25 countries from the continents of Asia, Australia, Europe, and North and South America.
    No preview · Book · Dec 2015
  • Source
    • "However, there was no causal relationship running from fossil fuels consumption to CO 2 emission. Moreover, there no was evidence that CO 2 emission, petroleum products, fossil fuel consumption led to economic growth (Lotfalipour et al., 2010). In South Africa, Menyah and Rufael (2010) found a positive effect of CO 2 emissions on energy consumption. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper attempts to investigate the impact of economic growth and CO2 emissions on energy consumption for a global panel of 58 countries using dynamic panel data model estimated by means of the Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) for the period 1990-2012. We also estimate this relationship for three regional panels; namely, from Europe and North Asia, Latin America and Caribbean, and Sub-Saharan, North African and Middle Eastern. The empirical evidence indicates significant positive impact of CO2 emissions on energy consumption for four global panels. Economic growth has a positive impact on energy consumption and statistically significant only for the four panel.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2015
Show more