Marine management for human development: A review of two decades of scholarly evidence

ArticleinMarine Policy 35(3):351-362 · May 2011with63 Reads
DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2010.10.015
Abstract
This paper reviews the evidence of the impacts of marine management interventions on human development and well-being reported in marine management literature in the past two decades. Documents dealing with fisheries, aquaculture, marine conservation and coastal zone management are assessed in terms of the methodologies used, the human development dimensions considered, and the results reported. The choice of dimensions for defining human development in this literature is contrasted with proposals from the literature on the capability and human development approaches. Possible areas for future research are discussed.
    • "Classification into 4 groups can be used as reference in the management of the four small scale fishing groups. Carneiro (2011) stated that fishery management is highly dependent on human development and well being, where a specific management will have an impact on their life. The first group, PPP of Sadeng, is the largest fishing port in Gunungkidul and has almost all facilities compared to others. "
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    • "In regards to temporal heterogeneity, although the impacts of protected areas can be related to their duration of establishment [21,22], the few evaluations that use longitudinal data [11] tend not to examine impacts over multiple time periods (but see [15]). Existing evaluations have also generally overlooked potential heterogeneity of socioeconomic impacts, generally focusing on one or very few poverty metrics [13,23]. Understanding how protected areas can differentially affect social subgroups is particularly critical because social inequity can create conflict [24] and impede poverty reduction [25], thus jeopardizing social and biological goals [26]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Despite the prevalence of protected areas, evidence of their impacts on people is weak and remains hotly contested in conservation policy. A key question in this debate is whether socioeconomic impacts vary according to social subgroup. Given that social inequity can create conflict and impede poverty reduction, understanding how protected areas differentially affect people is critical to designing them to achieve social and biological goals. Understanding heterogeneous responses to protected areas can improve targeting of management activities and help elucidate the pathways through which impacts of protected areas occur. Here, we assessed whether the socioeconomic impacts of marine protected areas (MPAs)—designed to achieve goals for both conservation and poverty alleviation—differed according to age, gender or religion in associated villages in North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Using data from pre-, mid, and post-implementation of the MPAs for control and project villages, we found little empirical evidence that impacts on five key socioeconomic indicators related to poverty differed according to social subgroup. We found suggestive empirical evidence that the effect of the MPAs on environmental knowledge differed by age and religion; over the medium and long terms, younger people and Muslims showed greater improvements compared with older people and Christians, respectively.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2015
    • "People are an integral portion of ecosystems, and intervention management to an ecosystem usually affects humans (Carneiro, 2011). The provinces of Bali and East Java are jointly responsible for the management of S. lemuru fish stocks to regulate its use and exploitation in the Bali Strait. "
    Article · Jan 2015
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