Hazardous Alcohol Use and Intimate Partner Violence in the Military: Understanding Protective Factors

Institute of Psychology.
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors (Impact Factor: 2.75). 03/2012; 26(3):471-83. DOI: 10.1037/a0027688
Source: PubMed


Hazardous alcohol use is a well-established risk factor for men's intimate partner violence (IPV), with dozens of studies demonstrating the association. The current study extends understanding of the hazardous alcohol use-IPV link by examining what factors moderate this association in a more systematic and broader way that has been done in past studies. Individual, family, workplace, community, and developmental factors were tested as moderators of the hazardous alcohol use and IPV link in a large, representative sample of active duty service members (the 2006 Community Assessment), and the results were tested for replicability in a hold-out sample. Two family variables (relationship satisfaction and parent-child satisfaction), 1 community variable (community safety), and 3 developmental variables (years in the military, marital length, and family income/pay grade) cross-validated as significant moderators of the association between men's hazardous alcohol use and IPV. Across the significant moderators, the association between hazardous alcohol use and men's IPV was weakened by maturation/development, improved community safety, and better relationship functioning. No individual or workplace variables were significant moderators for men, and there were no significant moderators found for women. The results support the importance of a developmental and relational perspective to understanding the hazardous alcohol use-IPV link, rather than solely an individual coping perspective. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved).

Download full-text


Available from: Heather M Foran, Nov 20, 2014
  • Source
    • "Lost worker productivity, the most commonly endorsed consequence of alcohol misuse across all military branches, is reported by 32% of heavy drinkers (Bray, 2009; Williams, Bell, & Amoroso, 2002). Further, substance misuse increases burden on medical and installation commands, as it is linked to increased medical disease burden, mental healthcare utilization, legal problems, driving under the influence, and perpetration of domestic violence (Bray, 2009; Foran, 2012; Possemato, Wade, Andersen, & Ouimette, 2010). Despite the prevalence and impact of problematic substance use, few receive treatment. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Warrior Check-Up, a confidential telephone-delivered intervention, is designed to reach active-duty soldiers with untreated substance-use disorder at a large US military base. This paper describes the development and successful implementation of the study's marketing strategies at the recruitment period's midpoint (2010-2012). Qualitative analyses of focus groups (n = 26) and survey responses (n = 278) describe the process of campaign design. Measures of demographics, media exposure, post-traumatic stress, anxiety and depression gathered from callers (n = 172) are used in quantitative analysis assessing the campaign's success in reaching this population. Implications, limitations, and suggestions for future research are discussed. Department of Defense provided study funding.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2013 · Substance Use & Misuse
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The present study examined the effects of intimate partners' alcohol use on the developmental trajectories of men's alcohol use across their early to late 20s. Longitudinal data from a community sample of 110 at-risk young men and their intimate partners were analyzed using latent growth modeling. Results indicated that, in general, men showed a significant linear decrease in alcohol use across their 20s, as expected. However, partners' alcohol use had significant and positive effects on men's concurrent alcohol use across their 20s, regardless of relationship status, even after taking into account autoregressive effects of men's own alcohol use and their antisocial behavior. Furthermore, a new partner's alcohol use had a significantly greater influence on the man's alcohol use in his late 20s compared to a partner's alcohol use from intact relationships. Findings from the present study highlight the importance of considering intimate partners' alcohol use as part of the proximal psychosocial environment influencing men's alcohol use during early adulthood. Implications for prevention and intervention efforts are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved).
    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Psychology of Addictive Behaviors
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The present study examined lifespan and combat-related trauma exposure as predictors of alcohol use among male and female veterans. Posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms were examined as mediators of the effects of trauma exposure on alcohol use. Data were examined from 1825 (1450 male, 375 female) veterans and active duty service members who took part in a multi-site research study conducted through the Department of Veterans Affairs Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center (VISN 6 MIRECC). For both men and women, depressive symptoms significantly mediated the effects of non-combat trauma exposure experienced before, during and after the military, as well as combat-exposure, on alcohol use. With posttraumatic stress symptoms, the models for men and women differed. For men, the effects of non-combat trauma exposure during and after military service, and combat exposure, on alcohol use were mediated by PTSD symptoms; however, for women, PTSD symptoms did not mediate these relationships. Findings are discussed in the context of potential gender differences in response to trauma such as use of alcohol to cope with traumatic events.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Drug and alcohol dependence
Show more