[Establishment of BGC-823/pBaBb-puro-MACC1 gastric cancer cell line stably expressing MACC1 and its tumor-related gene expression profiles].
To establish a gastric cancer cell line with stable expression of metastasis-associated in colon cancer 1 (MACC1) and detect the changes in tumor-related gene expression profiles for investigating the possible regulation mechanisms between MACC1 and the differentially expressed genes.
The full-length MACC1 cDNA was amplified from human embryonic kidney 293FT cells and cloned into the pBaBb-puro vector. The recombinant pBaBb-puro-MACC1 expression vector, after identification with restriction enzyme digestion, was transfected into 293FT cells, and the expression of fluorescent reporter gene was observed. pBaBb-puro-MACC1 vector was transfected into human gastric cancer BGC-823 cell line to establish BGC-823/pBaBb-puro-MACC1 cell line stably expressing MACC1. Quantitative RT-PCR and Western blotting were used to detect MACC1 expression in both BGC-823/pBaBb-puro-MACC1 and control BGC-823 cells. High-throughout cDNA microarray was used to screen the effects of MACC1 on the gene expression profiles of gastric cancer cells.
The recombinant pBaBb-puro-MACC1 plasmid was successfully constructed and verified by PCR and sequencing. BGC-823/pBaBb-puro-MACC1 cells showed significantly increased MACC1 mRNA expression as compared with the control cells. The results of cDNA microarray identified 33 up-regulated and 24 down-regulated genes in the cells after MACC1 transfection involved were in various cellular functions.
The established BGC-823/pBaBb-puro-MACC1 gastric cancer cell line show some important molecular changes caused by MACC1.
Available from: Andrea Bertotti
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ABSTRACT: : Upon colon cancer metastasis resection in liver, disease outcome is heterogeneous, ranging from indolent to very aggressive, with early recurrence. The aim of this study is to investigate the capability of metastasis associated in colon cancer 1 (MACC1) levels measured in liver metastasis specimens to predict further recurrence of the disease.
: Gene expression and gene dosage of MACC1, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), and hepatocyte growth factor receptor (MET) were assessed using quantitative realtime polymerase chain reaction on a cohort of 64 liver metastasis samples from patients with complete follow-up of 36 months and detailed clinical annotation. The most relevant mutations associated to prognosis in colorectal cancer, KRAS, and PIK3CA were assessed on the same specimens with Sanger sequencing.
: Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis revealed that MACC1 mRNA abundance is a good indicator of metastatic recurrence (AUC = 0.65, P < 0.05), whereas no such results were obtained with MET and HGF, nor with gene dosage. Generation of MACC1-based risk classes was capable of successfully separating patients into poor and good prognosis subgroups [hazard ratio (HR) = 5.236, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.2068-22.715, P < 0.05]. Also KRAS mutation was significantly associated with higher risk of recurrence (HR = 2.07, 95% CI = 1.048-4.09, P < 0.05). Cox regression multivariate analysis supported the independence of MACC1, but not KRAS, from known prognostic clinical information (Node Size HR = 3.155, 95% CI = 1.4418-6.905, P < 0.001, Preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen HR = 2.359, 95% CI = 1.0203-5.452, P < 0.05, MACC1 HR = 7.2739, 95% CI = 1.6584-31.905, P < 0.01).
: MACC1, a new easily detectable biomarker in cancer, is an independent prognostic factor of recurrence after liver resection of colorectal cancer metastasis.
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The metastatic dissemination of primary tumors is directly linked to patient survival in many tumor entities. The previously undescribed gene metastasis-associated in colon cancer 1 (MACC1) was discovered by genome-wide analyses in colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues. MACC1 is a tumor stage-independent predictor for CRC metastasis linked to metastasis-free survival.
In this review, the discovery of MACC1 is briefly presented. In the following, the overwhelming confirmation of these data is provided supporting MACC1 as a new remarkable biomarker for disease prognosis and prediction of therapy response for CRC and also for a variety of additional forms of solid cancers. Lastly, the potential clinical utility of MACC1 as a target for prevention or restriction of tumor progression and metastasis is envisioned.
MACC1 has been identified as a prognostic biomarker in a variety of solid cancers. MACC1 correlated with tumor formation and progression, development of metastases and patient survival representing a decisive driver for tumorigenesis and metastasis. MACC1 was also demonstrated to be of predictive value for therapy response. MACC1 is a promising therapeutic target for anti-tumor and anti-metastatic intervention strategies of solid cancers. Its clinical utility, however, must be demonstrated in clinical trials.
Available from: Yulin Liao
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ABSTRACT: Metastasis-associated in colon cancer-1 (MACC1) is a newly identified oncogene, and little is known about its role in gastric cancer (GC). This study was performed to investigate whether MACC1 influences the prognosis of GC patients and to explore the potential mechanisms involved. MACC1 expression was verified to be higher in GC tissues than in adjacent non-tumorous tissues by Western blotting. A retrospective analysis of 361 GC patients (stages I to IV) revealed that higher MACC1 expression was associated with more advanced disease, more frequent postoperative recurrence, more metastases, and a higher mortality rate. The disease-free survival of stage I-III patients and overall survival of stage IV patients were significantly worse when their tumors showed high MACC1 expression. To investigate the underlying mechanisms, MACC1 overexpression and downregulation were established in two GC cell lines (BGC-823 and MKN-28 cells). MACC1 overexpression significantly accelerated tumor growth and facilitated metastasis in athymic mice. MACC1 also promoted the proliferation, migration, and invasion of both GC cell lines. Moreover, gastric MACC1 mRNA expression levels were significantly correlated with markers of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in patients with GC. MACC1 overexpression upregulated c-Met and induced changes to markers of EMT, whereas silencing of MACC1 reversed all these changes. These findings provide some novel insights into the role of MACC1, a gene that contributes to a poor prognosis of GC by promoting tumor cell proliferation and invasion as well as the EMT. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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