Reproducibility of radiographic hip measurements in adults
Service de radiologie, CHU la Cavale-Blanche, 29609 Brest, France.Joint, bone, spine: revue du rhumatisme (Impact Factor: 2.9). 03/2012; 80(1). DOI: 10.1016/j.jbspin.2012.02.002
INTRODUCTION: Hip dysplasia may cause pain and premature hip osteoarthritis. Here, our objective was to assess the inter- and intraobserver reproducibility of radiographic hip parameter measurement in adults. METHODS: We used anteroposterior pelvic radiographs and false-profile lateral hip radiographs from 30 individuals (60 hips) enrolled in a prevalence study of hip osteoarthritis. For each hip, two independent observers recorded five parameters twice, at an interval of 1month. The five parameters were the vertical-center-edge angle (VCE), the anterior center-edge angle (vertical-center-anterior angle, VCA), the acetabular roof angle (HTE), the neck-shaft angle (CC'D), and acetabulum depth (AD). Reproducibility was assessed using Bland-Altman plots, intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs), and kappa coefficients for the radiographic diagnosis of hip dysplasia using widely accepted cutoffs. RESULTS: Of the 60 hips, 51 were assessable. Intraobserver ICC values ranged from 0.72 to 0.94 and interobserver ICC values from 0.68 to 0.84. Kappa coefficients were between 0.60 and 1.00, except for the VCA angle (κ=0.41). CONCLUSION: In this study, reproducibility of the main radiographic hip parameters was good according to all evaluation methods used. However, CC'D and, to an even greater extent, the VCA angle seemed challenging to measure.
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ABSTRACT: Background Lateral center-edge angle (LCEA), originally described and validated on AP radiographs, has been used increasingly in CT-based studies, but it is unclear whether the measure is reliable and whether it correlates with that on AP radiographs. Question/Purposes We therefore determined: (1) the interobserver and intraobserver reliabilities of the LCEA measured on AP radiographs; (2) the interobserver and intraobserver reliabilities of the LCEA measured on CT scans; and (3) the intermodality correlation of the LCEA between CT and AP radiography. Methods We reviewed the AP radiographs and CT scans of 22 patients treated for slipped capital femoral epiphyses. CT scans were reoriented to a neutral pelvic tilt and inclination. Three evaluators measured the LCEA on the unaffected hip on the AP and CT coronal images that corresponded to the center of the acetabulum on the axial slice. Results We found an interobserver intraclass correlation (ICC) analysis of 0.84 for the AP radiographs and 0.88 for the CT scans. The intraobserver ICC for the AP radiographs was 0.96, and for the CT scans 0.98. The intermodality ICC for the CT scans and AP radiographs was 0.79, with a lower bound of 0.61 and an upper bound of 0.87. Conclusions Our data suggest the LCEA measured on a CT scan is reliable and correlates with the LCEA on AP radiographs.
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ABSTRACT: The relationship between acetabular dysplasia (HD) and hip osteoarthritis (OA) remains unclear, especially for mild forms of dysplasia. Our objectives were to estimate the prevalence of HD in a population-based sample with symptoms and to evaluate potential associations linking HD, hip OA, and hip pain. Individuals 40 to 75 years of age with symptoms in 1 or both hips were recruited during a multiregional prevalence survey. All study participants underwent examination and radiographs. Radiographs were evaluated using Kellgren-Lawrence staging (with stages ≥ 2 indicating hip OA) and HD measures [center-edge (CE) angle, acetabular inclination angle (HTE), acetabular depth (AD), and vertical center-anterior margin angle]. We studied both hips of 842 individuals (1684 hips), among whom 203 had hip OA. Compared to left hips, right hips had significantly smaller CE angles and significantly greater AD and HTE values (p ≤ 0.001). Overall, the prevalence of HD ranged from 7.6% to 22.2% of the hips depending on the measure used. The prevalence of HD was higher in individuals with hip OA, with significant differences for abnormal HTE (19.1% vs 11.4%; p < 0.0001) and abnormal CE (11.3% vs 7.5%; p = 0.04). By logistic regression, only abnormal HTE remained associated with OA. Same-side hip pain was not statistically more common in individuals with HD after stratification on OA status (p = 0.12). Our study confirms the relationship between OA and HD, particularly as defined based on the HTE angle.
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ABSTRACT: Objective: To devise a simple, reproducible method of using CT data to measure anterior acetabular coverage that results in values analogous to metrics derived from false-profile radiographs. Materials and methods: Volume CT images were used to generate simulated false-profile radiographs and cross-sectional false-profile views by angling a multiplanar reformat 115° through the affected acetabulum relative to a line tangential to the posterior margin of the ischial tuberosities. The anterolateral margin of the acetabulum was localized on the CT false-profile view corresponding with the cranial opening of the acetabular roof. Anterior center edge angle (CEA) was measured between a vertical line passing through the center of the femoral head and a line connecting the center of the femoral head with the anterior edge of the condensed line of the acetabulum (sourcil). Anterior CEA values measured on CT false-profile views of 38 symptomatic hips were compared with values obtained on simulated and projection false-profile radiographs. Results: The CT false-profile view produces a cross-sectional image in the same obliquity as false-profile radiographs. Anterior CEA measured on CT false-profile views were statistically similar to values obtained with false-profile radiographs. CT technologists quickly mastered the technique of generating this view. Inter-rater reliability indicated this method to be highly reproducible. Conclusions: The CT false-profile view is simple to generate and anterior CEA measurements derived from it are similar to those obtained using well-positioned false-profile radiographs. Utilization of CT to assess hip geometry enables precise control of pelvic inclination, eliminates projectional errors, and minimizes limitations of image quality inherent to radiography.
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