Association of two polymorphisms of the IL28B gene with viral factors and treatment response in 1,518 patients infected with hepatitis C virus
Research Institute for Hepatology, Toranomon Hospital, 1-3-1, Kajigaya, Takatsu-ku, Kawasaki, 213-8587, Japan. Journal of Gastroenterology
(Impact Factor: 4.52).
03/2012; 47(5):596-605. DOI: 10.1007/s00535-012-0531-1
Two nucleotide polymorphisms of the interleukin-28B (IL28B) gene, at rs8099917 and rs12979860, influence the response to interferon (IFN)-based therapies in patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) of genotype 1. We aimed to investigate whether these polymorphisms showed complete linkage in Japanese patients.
A total of 1,518 Japanese patients infected with HCV were genotyped for the two IL28B loci, and the two sets of genotypes were compared.
TT at rs8099917 and CC at rs12979860 were detected in 77.7 and 76.8%, respectively, of the 1,518 patients and TG/GG and CT/TT were detected in 22.3 and 23.2%. These two sets of IL28B genotype stood in strong linkage disequilibrium (r (2) = 0.98). Discordance between the two IL28B polymorphisms occurred in 16 (1.1%) patients, and 13 (0.9%) of them possessed IFN-sensitive TT at rs8099917 and IFN-resistant CT at rs12979860. Three of these 13 patients had HCV of genotype 1b and had received pegylated-interferon and ribavirin, and none of them gained a sustained virological response. At rs8099917, IFN-resistant TG/GG were more frequent in patients infected with HCV of genotype 1 than in those infected with HCV of genotype 2 [258/1,046 (24.7%) vs. 75/441 (17.0%), p = 0.001]. The response to pegylated-interferon/ribavirin in 279 patients who were infected with HCV-1 and the response to IFN monotherapy in 361 patients who were infected with HCV-1 , was higher in those with TT than in those with TG/GG at rs8099917, as well as being higher in those with CC than in those with CT/TT at rs12979860 (p < 0.001).
Linkage disequilibrium between two IL28B polymorphisms at rs8099917 and rs12979860 is strong in Japanese HCV patients, but there are some discrepancies between the two sets of genotypes.
Available from: Antonio C R Vallinoto
- "According to some studies, 55 to 85% of the individuals affected by the acute form of disease remain infected for over six months and become chronic carriers . In these patients, the delayed diagnosis and the fact that the infection might have remained asymptomatic over a long period of time result in advanced stages of liver cirrhosis and corresponding complications, such as bleeding esophageal varices, ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)  . "
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The aim of this study was to characterize the genetic profile of patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection relative to polymorphisms rs12979860 and rs8099917 in gene IL28B and the association of those polymorphisms with the response to treatment with pegylated interferon and ribavirin, performed at a reference center in Brazilian Amazonia.
A total of 75 individuals with chronic hepatitis C and 98 healthy individuals from both genders over 18 years old were assessed. DNA samples were collected from leukocytes and subjected to real-time polymerase chain reaction to genotype polymorphisms rs12979860 and rs8099917.
Analysis of the allelic and genotypic frequencies of the investigated polymorphisms showed that both groups were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium; polymorphism rs12979860 exhibited no significant difference between the groups. For polymorphism rs8099917, allele T was significantly less frequent (P = 0.0195) among the patients (63.3%) than the controls (75.5%), and the patients were 1.7 times as likely to exhibit allele G. No difference in response to treatment was associated with SNP patterns.
The results suggest a possible association of SNP rs8099917 with higher odds of chronic HCV infection but do not indicate a putative influence of the investigated SNPs on the sustained virologic response.
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ABSTRACT: Biomarkers predicting sustained virological response (SVR) to pegylated interferon-α plus ribavirin (PEG IFN-α/RBV) were investigated.
Peptides in pretreatment sera from 107 patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 were comprehensively analyzed by mass spectrometry. Ion intensity of the peptides was used to generate discriminant models between the responders who achieved SVR (R) and the non-responders (NR) to PEG IFN-α/RBV.
In total, 107 peptides were detected in a training set (n = 23). A discriminant model using a peptide, complement 3f des-arginine (C3f-dR), showed sensitivity of 35% and specificity of 94% for SVR prediction in a testing set (n = 68). In all the R and NR (n = 96), an area under the receiver–operator curve (AUROC) of 0.64 in the C3f-dR model was increased to 0.78 by addition of platelet (PLT) counts (C3f-dR/PLT model). Another model using the 107 peptides (AUROC, 0.77) also showed higher AUROC (0.79) by addition of hemoglobin (Hb), body mass index (BMI) and age (107P/Hb/BMI/Age model). The sensitivity and specificity of the C3f-dR/PLT model were 59% and 88%, and those of the 107P/Hb/BMI/Age model were 70% and 92%, respectively. The C3f-dR/PLT model showed high AUROC (0.82), similar to that of interleukin-28B rs8099917 genotype analysis (0.86) in the 45 tested patients. Prediction by the combination of the C3f-dR/PLT model, the 107P/Hb/BMI/Age model and the rs8099917 genotype analysis was accurate in 44 out of the 45 patients (AUROC, 0.95).
Serum peptides, especially C3f-dR, would be useful predictors for SVR to PEG IFN-α/RBV. The complements may be involved in the HCV elimination.
Available from: Eric A Hughes
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ABSTRACT: Background & aims:
Improved therapeutic options for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are needed for patients who are poor candidates for treatment with current regimens due to anticipated intolerability or low likelihood of response.
In this open-label, phase 2a study of Japanese patients with chronic HCV genotype 1b infection, 21 null responders (<2 log₁₀ HCV RNA reduction after 12 weeks of peginterferon/ribavirin) and 22 patients intolerant to or medically ineligible for peginterferon/ribavirin therapy received dual oral treatment for 24 weeks with the NS5A replication complex inhibitor daclatasvir (DCV) and the NS3 protease inhibitor asunaprevir (ASV). The primary efficacy end point was sustained virologic response at 12 weeks post-treatment (SVR₁₂).
Thirty-six of 43 enrolled patients completed 24 weeks of therapy. Serum HCV RNA levels declined rapidly, becoming undetectable in all patients on therapy by week 8. Overall, 76.7% of patients achieved SVR₁₂ and SVR₂₄, including 90.5% of null responders and 63.6% of ineligible/intolerant patients. There were no virologic failures among null responders. Three ineligible/intolerant patients experienced viral breakthrough and four relapsed post-treatment. Diarrhea, nasopharyngitis, headache, and ALT/AST increases, generally mild, were the most common adverse events; three discontinuations before week 24 were due to adverse events that included hyperbilirubinemia and transaminase elevations (two patients).
Dual therapy with daclatasvir and asunaprevir, without peginterferon/ribavirin, was well tolerated and achieved high SVR rates in two groups of difficult-to-treat patients with hepatitis C virus genotype 1b infection.
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