Características del Estado Psicológico de los Corredores Populares de Maratón (Characteristics of Recreational Marathon Runners' Psychological State)

Revista de Psicologia del Deporte (Impact Factor: 0.9). 01/2009; 18(2):151-163.


This paper aims to identify the most representative variables of recreational marathon runners' psychological state a few days or hours prior to a race through an analysis of content based on interviews with a sample of expert runners. The sample used and qualitative and deductive analysis procedure are described. The results identified variables such as cognitive anxiety and arousal and self confidence levels in relation to others, such as motivation and perception of physical state, which are included in a theoretical model. Two different models were identified when self-confidence is high or low. A list of possible items for constructing a questionnaire on psychological states before a marathon is suggested.

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Available from: Eneko Larumbe
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    • "Bueno, Capdevila y Fernández (2002) exponen como el sufrimiento competitivo influye en el rendimiento de los corredores. Buceta, López, Pérez, Vallejo y Del Pino (2003) y posteriormente Larumbe, Pérez y López (2009) estudian este estado psicológico (ansiedad, autoconfianza…) de los maratonianos las horas previas a una carrera. Por su parte, Jaenes, Godoy y Román (2008 y 2009) y Jaenes (2009) definen un constructo psicológico unidimensional, la Personalidad Resistente (PR), que se refiere a una constelación de características de personalidad relacionadas con las percepciones personales de control, compromiso y desafío de los maratonianos. "

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    ABSTRACT: The commitment and negative addiction to training and competition were studied in a large sample of marathoners in Spain. The day before the race, during the "Runner's Fair", was given a questionnaire with the CR-11, RAS-8 and valuable descriptive data of the sample. Was confirmed the hypothesis that the commitment and negative addiction on marathoners are different concepts; since are predicted by demographic, performance and training variables, gender differences also exist. However, there is a high correlation between them, concluding that negative addiction on marathoners (undesirable) is usually acquired following commitment (healthy and desirable) and to train more days a week to get away or forgotten, in the case of men, the concerns of children and work, and in the case of women, the concerns of children, especially when these have fewer years running. Finally, some managed variables as predictors, ultimately not be.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2011 · Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Fisica y del Deporte