Quality of sexual life in men with obstructive sleep apnoea

Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Engüri, Ankara, Turkey
Journal of Health Psychology (Impact Factor: 1.88). 03/2012; 18(2). DOI: 10.1177/1359105311433347
Source: PubMed


The study investigated the quality of sexual life of male obstructive sleep apnoea patients. Apnoea and non-apnoea participants were assessed with Golombok Rust Inventory of Sexual Satisfaction (GRISS) and Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID) before the sleep test. Folicule Stimulating Hormone (FSH), Luteinising Hormone (LH), prolactin, testosterone and oestrogen levels were also evaluated. The apnoea group had a higher BMI and lower LH and testosterone levels than the non-apnoea group. There were no differences between the apnoea, non-apnoea groups and within the apnoea groups (mild, moderate and high apnoea) in terms of sexual satisfaction. Although there was a change in the hormonal levels of obstructive sleep apnoea patients, the sexual life of apnoea patients was not affected at the clinical level.

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    ABSTRACT: Patients with sleep apnoea syndrome (SAS) suffer from symptoms of hypogonadism. Besides surgical interventions, in some cases, the standard care of SAS for most patients is continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Studies focusing on the long-term effects of CPAP on testosterone levels revealed conflicting results. None of the studies included female patients with SAS. The aim of our study was to analyse and compare sex hormone levels in saliva before and after a night without and with CPAP in women and men with SAS. The results were negative. One night with CPAP did not affect the dynamics of sex hormones, neither in men nor in women. Future studies should focus on long-term effects of CPAP in both genders.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2013 · Andrologia
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    ABSTRACT: Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a serious health issue, which can impact the hormone secretion. The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between serum sex hormone concentrations and different severity degree of OSAHS, and to evaluate the influence of OSAHS on sex hormone levels. We enrolled 116 subjects who were subjected to polysomnography (PSG). They were divided into three groups: control group (n=10) [apnea hypopnea index (AHI) <5/h], mild-moderate OSAHS group (n=15) (5≤AHI<30/h), and severe OSAHS group (n=91) (AHI≥30/h). The patients in OSAHS group were subdivided into obesity and non-obesity subgroups. The parameters such as AHI, body mass index (BMI), lowest oxygen saturation (LSaO2), and mean oxygen saturation (MSaO2) were recorded. Serum levels of testosterone, polactin, estradiol, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) were determined in the morning immediately after waking up. Mean levels of hormones were compared among groups. The correlation between hormone levels and sleep-breathing parameters was analyzed. No significant differences in serum sex hormone levels were found among control, mild-moderate OSAHS, and severe OSAHS groups (P>0.05). There was no correlation between AHI and sex hormone levels (P>0.05). Testosterone was significantly negatively correlated with BMI (P<0.05). These results suggested that BMI might have a direct effect on testosterone level, and it might be an important factor affecting testosterone level in male OSAHS patients, and there may be no correlation between severity of OSAHS and sex hormones levels.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology
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    ABSTRACT: IntroductionSexual dysfunction is an under-recognized problem in men and women with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Epidemiologic findings were inconclusive regarding the risk for sexual dysfunction associated with OSA.AimThe aim of this study was to examine the association between OSA and sexual dysfunction.Methods The PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase databases were searched for observational studies on the OSA and the risk of sexual dysfunction. The methodologic quality of the case–control and cohort studies was assessed with Newcastle–Ottawa Scale (NOS). The cross-sectional study quality methodology checklist was used for cross-sectional study. Data were pooled for the random-effects model. Sensitivity analyses were conducted to assess potential bias.Main Outcome MeasureThe association between OSA and sexual dysfunction was summarized using relative risk (RR) with a 95% confidence interval (CI).ResultsThis meta-analysis included 1,275 participants from nine studies. Five studies reported the incidence of erectile dysfunction (ED); the remaining four studies reported the incidence of female sexual dysfunction (FSD). Pooled results demonstrated that OSA was associated with increased risk of ED (pooled RR = 1.82, 95% CI: 1.12–2.97) as well as FSD (pooled RR = 2.00, 95% CI: 1.29–3.08). Estimates of the total effects were generally consistent in the sensitivity analysis. No evidence of publication bias was observed.Conclusions Evidence from the observational studies suggested that OSA individuals might have an increased incidence of sexual dysfunction despite significant heterogeneity. More researches are warranted to clarify the relationship between OSA and the increased risk of sexual dysfunction. Liu L, Kang R, Zhao S, Zhang T, Zhu W, Li E, Li F, Wan S, and Zhao Z. Sexual dysfunction in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Sex Med **;**:**–**.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Journal of Sexual Medicine
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