CD4+FoxP3+ Treg cells suppress effector T cells and prevent autoimmune disease. Treg cell function is deficient in active rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a loss which may play a role in the pathogenesis of this disease. We previously showed that a single-nucleotide polymorphism in the FCRL3 gene led to higher expression of Fc receptor-like 3 (FcRL3) on Treg cells and that FcRL3+ Treg cells are functionally deficient in comparison to FcRL3- Treg cells. This study was undertaken to investigate the potential role of FcRL3 in RA.
A cross-sectional study was performed to evaluate the FCRL3 -169 genotype and FcRL3 expression on T cell subsets, including Treg cells, in peripheral blood samples from 51 patients with RA enrolled in the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) RA Cohort. Clinical data were obtained from the UCSF RA Cohort database.
Patients with the FCRL3 -169C allele (genotype C/C or C/T) expressed higher levels of FcRL3 on Treg cells, and on CD8+ and γ/δ T cells, in comparison to RA patients with the T/T genotype. Higher FcRL3 expression on these T cell subpopulations correlated with RA disease activity in patients harboring the FCRL3 -169C allele. Furthermore, FcRL3 expression on Treg cells was higher in patients with erosive RA, and the FCRL3 -169C allele was overrepresented in patients with erosive RA.
Our findings indicate that FcRL3 expression, which is strongly associated with the presence of the FCRL3 -169C allele, may serve as a biomarker for RA disease activity.
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"The extracellular ligands as well as functions of these receptors are still unknown or controversial , , , . However, several genetic studies also revealed FCRL gene variants were associated with multiple immune-related diseases, no matter in genome-wide association studies or in candidate gene based studies , , , , . All the above highlighted the central bridging roles of FcγRs and FcRLs in immunity with their genetic variants to make up a sort of susceptibility background. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is a complex syndrome characterized by deposition of IgA and IgA containing immune complexes (ICs) composed of IgG and complement C3 proteins in the mesangial area of glomeruli. The low-affinity receptors for the Fc region of IgG (FcγRs) are involved in autoantibody/immune complex-induced organ injury as well as ICs clearance. The aim of the study was to associate multiple polymorphisms within FCGR gene locus with IgAN in a large Chinese cohort.
60 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) spanning a 400 kb range within FCGR gene locus were analyzed in 2100 DNA samples from patients with biopsy proven IgAN and healthy age- and sex-matched controls from the same population in Chinese.
Among the 60 SNPs investigated, 15 gene polymorphisms within FCGR gene locus (25%) were associated with susceptibility to IgAN. The most significantly associated SNPs within individual genes were FCGR2B rs12118043 (p = 8.74*10(-3), OR 0.76, 95% CI 0.62-0.93), and FCRLB rs4657093 (p = 2.28*10(-3), OR 0.77, 95% CI 0.65-0.91). Both conditional analysis and linkage disequilibrium analysis suggested they were independent signals associated with IgAN. Associations between FCGR2B rs12118043 and proteinuria (p = 3.65×10(-2)) as well as gross hematuria (p = 4.53×10(-2)), between FCRLB rs4657093 and levels of serum creatinine (p = 2.67×10(-2)) as well as eGFR (p = 5.41*10(-3)) were also observed. Electronic cis-expression quantative trait loci analysis supported their possible functional significance, with protective genotypes correlating lower gene expressions.
Our data from genetic associations and expression associations revealed potentially pathogenic roles of Fc receptor gene polymorphisms in IgAN.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a complex disease, the hallmark of which is synovial joint inflammation. The substantial contribution from genetic factors in susceptibility to RA has been well-defined. The Fc receptor-like3 (FCRL3) gene is one of the genes that have recently shown a significant association with RA. To determine the possible role of FCRL3-169 C/T and FCRL3-110 A/G gene polymorphisms in the development of RA in Iranian patients, 320 RA patients and 302 healthy subjects were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. No significant difference was found in genotype and allele frequencies of FCRL3-169 C/T between patients and controls. In contrast, at position -110 A/G, the frequency of the AA genotype and A allele was significantly decreased in RA patients compared to controls (p = 0.005). After Bonferroni correction for multiple testing, no significant correlations between FCRL3-169 C/T and -110 A/G polymorphism and laboratory and clinical features of the patients was observed. In conclusion, the results of this study showed a significant association between FCRL3-110 A/G polymorphism and susceptibility to RA.
No preview · Article · May 2013 · Immunological Investigations
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Abstract Previous studies have identified several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of Fc receptor-like 3 (FCRL3), an excellent susceptibility gene, as predisposing factors for human autoimmune diseases (ADs). However, the results remain inconclusive. To assess the effect of four selected SNPs (rs7528684, rs11264799, rs945635 and rs3761959), we conducted a meta-analysis with 34 case-control studies. Summary odd ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for the polymorphisms in FCRL3 and ADs risk were evaluated. Furthermore, this meta-analysis was performed by using allele comparisons, as well as stratified analyses by ethnicity and disease phenotypes under different genetic models. Our data showed that the TC, TT + TC genotypes of rs7528684 contributed to a lower risk of ADs, compared with the CC carriers (OR = 0.91, 95% CI = 0.85-0.97; OR = 0.91, 95% CI = 0.85-0.98). In comparison with rs7528684 TC genotype, the TT + CC carriers were significantly associated with higher ADs risk (OR = 1.03, 95% CI = 1.00-1.07). In terms of stratified analyses by ethnicity and disease phenotypes, there were significant associations of rs7528684 polymorphism both with ADs in Asians and Europeans, and with rheumatoid arthritis, Graves' disease, type-1 diabetes, and other ADs under different genetic models. Moreover, significant associations were also found to be correlated with ADs risk for the SNP rs11264799 in mixed subgroup, for rs945635 in Europeans, North Americans and mixed group, and for rs3761959 in North Americans. These findings indicate that the polymorphisms in FCRL3 may play a role in the pathogenesis of ADs.