Relationship of Oxidative Stress in Hepatitis B Infection Activity with HBV DNA and Fibrosis

Department of Infectious Disease and Clinic Microbiology, Tokat State Hospital, Tokat, Turkey.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine (Impact Factor: 1.48). 03/2012; 32(2):113-8. DOI: 10.3343/alm.2012.32.2.113
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate oxidative stress in various clinical forms of hepatitis B infection and to investigate its role in the development of the chronic form of the disease.
Ninety-three patients with inactive hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg) carrier state (IHBCS), 65 patients with chronic hepatitis B infection (CHB), and 42 healthy adults were included in the study. The following values were measured and compared in patient groups: total antioxidant status (TAS), total oxidative stress (TOS), oxidative stress index (OSI), sulfhydryl (SH), lipid peroxidation (LOOH), catalase (CAT), and ceruloplasmin. In patients with chronic hepatitis B, these values were compared with HBV DNA and fibrosis levels.
ALT, TOS, LOOH, and OSI levels were higher in the CHB group compared to the other groups (P<0.001). Catalase levels increased in the CHB and IHBCS groups compared to the control group (P<0.001). Total aminooxidant and ceruloplasmin levels were found to be lowest in the CHB group and highest in the control group (P<0.001). Sulfhyrdyl was higher in the control group compared to the other groups (P<0.001). In the CHB group, there was no correlation between the HBV DNA and OSI (P>0.05).
These finding suggested that oxidative stress is associated with hepatitis B activity.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress (OS) plays a major role in chronic hepatitis C. Various OS markers have been found to be elevated in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related liver disease. This study detected the presence of OS in serum and liver biopsy specimens of HCV patients. Reactive oxygen molecules (ROM) in sera of 54 HCV patients were compared with 23 controls. OS markers 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal, malondialdehyde, and thioredoxin were measured in liver biopsy specimens of 18 HCV patients with fibrosis staging F1 (six); F2 (two), F3 (four), and F4 (six). The interferon (IFN) response and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) occurrence in the presence of OS markers were also evaluated. The level of ROM in HCV patients was 318 +/- 56.7 Carr compared with 248 +/- 40.8 Carr in controls (p=0.032). Multivariate analysis found age (p=0.0236) to be the only independent variable associated with increase in ROM in sera. In liver biopsy specimens, OS markers were found mainly around the area of piecemeal necrosis or the periportal area. The presence of OS markers seemed to increase with fibrosis staging, although not significantly. The OS DNA damage marker 8-OHdG was detected in the nucleus of hepatocytes. Thirteen patients received IFN therapy. During the 4-year follow-up period, HCC developed in four nonresponders to IFN and in one untreated patient. OS markers were stained in both HCC cells and non-HCC cells in HCC patients. OS markers were found in serum and liver specimens of HCV-associated liver disease and in HCC tissue. Detection of OS markers may be important for monitoring disease progression in HCV patients. Antioxidant therapy in combination with antiviral therapy may minimize liver damage and aid in the prevention and subsequent development of HCC.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2004 · Antioxidants and Redox Signaling
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between serum total thiol level and total oxidant status (TOS) and thrombocytopenia among patients with Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF). Eighty-three subjects and 56 controls were enrolled in the study. Thiol levels were measured with the DTNB method and TOS was measured with the Erel's method among subjects and controls. Thiol levels were lower in subjects than controls and TOS levels were higher in subjects than controls. There was a significant correlation between total thiol levels and platelet counts (r = 0.84, p < 0.0001) among subjects. Further investigations are needed into the link between total thiol level and TOS and the pathogenesis of hemorrhage in CCHF.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2012 · The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate the effect of ghrelin administration on sulfite induced oxidative and apoptotic changes in rat gastric mucosa. Forty male albino Wistar rats were randomized into control (C), sodium metabisulfite (Na2S2O5) treated (S), ghrelin treated (G) and, Na2S2O5+ghrelin treated (SG) groups. Sodium metabisulfite (100mg/kg/day) was given by gastric gavage and, ghrelin (20μg/kg/day) was given intraperitoneally for 5weeks. Plasma-S-sulfonate level was increased in S and SG groups. Na2S2O5 administration significantly elevated total oxidant status (TOS) levels while depleting total antioxidant status (TAS) levels in gastric mucosa. Ghrelin significantly decreased gastric TOS levels in the SG group compared with the S group. Additionally, TAS levels were found to be higher in SG group in reference to S group. Na2S2O5 administration also markedly increased the number of apoptotic cells, cleaved caspase-3 and PAR expression (PARP activity indicator) and, decreased Ki67 expression (cell proliferation index) in gastric mucosal cells. Ghrelin treatment decreased the number apoptotic cells, cytochrome C release, PAR and, caspase-3 expressions while increasing Ki67 expression in gastric mucosa exposed to Na2S2O5. In conclusion, we suggest that ghrelin treatment might ameliorate ingested-Na2S2O5 induced gastric mucosal injury stemming from apoptosis and oxidative stress in rats.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association
Show more