Corrigendum to “Novel NaPi-IIc mutations causing HHRH and idiopathic hypercalciuria in several unrelated families: Long-term follow-up in one kindred” [Bone 50 (2012) 1100–1106]

Endocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA.
Bone (Impact Factor: 3.97). 02/2012; 50(5):1100-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.bone.2012.02.015
Source: PubMed


Homozygous and compound heterozygous mutations in SLC34A3, the gene encoding the sodium-dependent co-transporter NaPi-IIc, cause hereditary hypophosphatemic rickets with hypercalciuria (HHRH), a disorder characterized by renal phosphate-wasting resulting in hypophosphatemia, elevated 1,25(OH)(2) vitamin D levels, hypercalciuria, rickets/osteomalacia, and frequently kidney stones or nephrocalcinosis. Similar albeit less severe biochemical changes are also observed in heterozygous carriers, which are furthermore indistinguishable from those encountered in idiopathic hypercalciuria (IH). We now searched for SLC34A3 mutations (exons and introns) in two previously not reported HHRH kindreds, which resulted in the identification of three novel mutations. The affected members of kindred A were compound heterozygous for two different mutations, c.1046_47del and the intronic mutation c.560+23_561-42del, while the index case in kindred B was homozygous for the nonsense SLC34A3 mutation c.1764C>G (p.Y588X). The patient in kindred C was diagnosed with IH because of bilateral medullary nephrocalcinosis, suppressed PTH levels, and hypercalciuria; she was found to have a novel heterozygous c.1571_1880del mutation. The HHRH patients in kindred A were treated for up to 7years with oral phosphate, which led to reversal of hypophosphatemia, hypercalciuria, and prevention or healing of the mild bone abnormalities. PTH levels were normal throughout the observation period, while 1,25(OH)(2) vitamin D levels remained elevated and may thus be helpful for assessing treatment efficacy and patient compliance in HHRH.

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Available from: Clemens Bergwitz, Feb 19, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a public health epidemic that affects millions of people worldwide. Presence of CKD predisposes individuals to high risks of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), cardiovascular disease, and premature death. Disordered phosphate homeostasis with elevated circulating levels of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is an early and pervasive complication of CKD. CKD is likely the most common cause of chronically elevated FGF23 levels, and the clinical condition in which levels are most markedly elevated. Although increases in FGF23 levels help maintain serum phosphate in the normal range in CKD, prospective studies in populations of pre-dialysis CKD, incident and prevalent ESRD, and kidney transplant recipients demonstrate that elevated FGF23 levels are independently associated with progression of CKD and development of cardiovascular events and mortality. It was originally thought that these observations were driven by elevated FGF23 levels acting as a highly sensitive biomarker of toxicity due to phosphate. However, FGF23 itself has now been shown to mediate 'off-target,' direct, end-organ toxicity in the heart, which suggests that elevated FGF23 levels may be a novel mechanism of adverse outcomes in CKD. This report reviews recent advances in FGF23 biology relevant to CKD, the classical effects of FGF23 on mineral homeostasis, and the studies that established FGF23 excess as a biomarker and novel mechanism of cardiovascular disease. The report concludes with a critical review of the effects of different therapeutic strategies targeting FGF23 reduction and how these might be leveraged in a future randomized trial aimed at improving outcomes in CKD.Kidney International advance online publication, 23 May 2012; doi:10.1038/ki.2012.176.
    Preview · Article · May 2012 · Kidney International
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose of review: Description of the recent advances on the regulation of phosphate metabolism, gene mutations, and new approaches to treatment in patients with hypophosphatemic rickets. Recent findings: Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) overproduction may be a primary cause of hypophosphatemic rickets. Inactivating mutations of phosphate-regulating gene with homologies to endopeptidases on the X chromosome, dentin matrix acidic phosphoprotein 1, and ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 1 are associated with X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets, autosomal recessive hypophosphatemic rickets 1, and autosomal recessive hypophosphatemic rickets 2, respectively. Activating mutations of FGF23 gene is the cause of autosomal dominant hypophosphatemic rickets. Iron deficiency may affect autosomal dominant hypophosphatemic rickets phenotype by regulating FGF23 production.Current treatment with activated vitamin D metabolites and oral inorganic phosphate salts may partially correct skeletal lesions and linear growth in patients with hypophosphatemic rickets. However, some patients have poor improvement by the current treatment. Summary: Identification of the causative mutation in patients with hypophosphatemic rickets may be useful to confirm the diagnosis and probably for prognosis. Inhibition of FGF23 overproduction by anti-FGF23 neutralizing antibodies could be a future approach for treatment of patients with FGF23-dependent hypophosphatemic rickets.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2012 · Current opinion in endocrinology, diabetes, and obesity
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    ABSTRACT: Hereditary hypophosphatemic rickets with hypercalciuria (HHRH) is a rare metabolic disorder, characterized by hypophosphatemia, variable degrees of rickets/osteomalacia, and hypercalciuria secondary to increased serum 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D] levels. HHRH is caused by mutations in the SLC34A3 gene, which encodes sodium-phosphate co-transporter type IIc. A 6 ½-year-old female presented with a history of nephrolithiasis. Her metabolic evaluation revealed increased 24-hour urine calcium excretion with high serum calcium, low intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels, and elevated 1,25(OH)2D level. In addition, the patient had low to low-normal serum phosphorus with high urine phosphorus. The patient had normal stature; without rachitic or boney deformities or a history of fractures. Genetic analysis of SLC34A3 revealed the patient to be a compound heterozygote for a novel single base pair deletion in exon 12 (c.1304delG) and 30-base pair deletion in intron 6 (g.1440-1469del). The single-base pair mutation causes a frameshift, which results in premature stop codon. The intronic deletion is likely caused by misalignment of the 4-basepair homologous repeats and results in the truncation of an already small intron to 63bp, which would impair proper RNA splicing of the intron. This is the fourth unique intronic deletion identified in patients with HHRH, suggesting the frequent occurrence of sequence misalignments in SLC34A3 and the importance of screening introns in patients with HHRH.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Bone
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