Ability of antibodies specific to the HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein to block the fusion inhibitor T20 in a cell-cell fusion assay
Groupe Immunité des Muqueuses et Agents Pathogènes, University of Saint-Etienne, 15 rue Ambroise Paré, 42023 Saint-Etienne, France. Immunobiology
(Impact Factor: 3.04).
02/2012; 217(10):943-50. DOI: 10.1016/j.imbio.2012.01.007
The anti-HIV peptide T20 is able to inhibit the syncytia formation between CHO-WT and HeLa CD4(+)cells. We found that several sera of HIV-infected patients have the capacity to block the inhibition of fusion by T20. Suggesting that these sera may contain antibody which can block T20 access and prevent membrane fusion, we studied the ability of a panel of antibodies directed to different regions of HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein to block the inhibition of fusion by T20. We found that the C1 and V3 loop regions of gp120 and the heptad repeat 1, the immunodominant C-C region and the Kennedy epitope of gp41 located in the intracytoplasmic tail were the target for antibodies capable to block the inhibition of syncytia formation by T20. We suggest that these antibodies have the capacity to counteract the anti-fusion effect of T20 by preventing its binding to the interaction sites. Further studies are needed to determine if some of them recognize new T20 interaction sites.
Available from: Lifeng Cai
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Specific interactions were introduced between an artificial heptad repeat peptide template and HIV-1 gp41 for fusion inhibitor design, using a structure based rational design strategy. The designed peptides are nonhomologous with naturally occurring peptide and protein sequences, specifically interact with HIV-1 gp41, and show strong anti-HIV activity.
Available from: Jianqing Xu
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Enfuvirtide (T20), is the first HIV fusion inhibitor approved for treatment of HIV/AIDS patients who fail to respond to the current antiretroviral drugs. However, its clinical application is limited because of short half-life, drug resistance and cross-reactivity with the preexisting antibodies in HIV-infected patients. Using an artificial peptide strategy, we designed a peptide with non-native protein sequence, AP3, which exhibited potent antiviral activity against a broad spectrum of HIV-1 strains, including those resistant to T20, and had remarkably longer in vivo half-life than T20. While the preexisting antibodies in HIV-infected patients significantly suppressed T20's antiviral activity, these antibodies neither recognized AP3, nor attenuated its anti-HIV-1 activity. Structurally different from T20, AP3 could fold into single-helix and interact with gp41 NHR. The two residues, Met and Thr, at the N-terminus of AP3 form a hook-like structure to stabilize interaction between AP3 and NHR helices. Therefore, AP3 has potential for further development as a new HIV fusion inhibitor with improved antiviral efficacy, resistance profile and pharmacological properties over enfuvirtide. Meanwhile, this study highlighted the advantages of artificially designed peptides, and confirmed that this strategy could be used in developing artificial peptide-based viral fusion inhibitors against HIV and other enveloped viruses.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.