Rapid ambulatory pathway laser prostatectomy is safe: Results within the global period
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon Concord Hospital Center for Urologic Care, Concord, NH, USA. BJU International
(Impact Factor: 3.53).
02/2012; 110(8):1190-3. DOI: 10.1111/j.1464-410X.2012.10952.x
Study Type – Therapy (case series)
Level of Evidence 4
What's known on the subject? and What does the study add?
Laser prostatectomy is a commonly performed procedure for BOO, and has been shown to have short- and medium-term results equivalent to the gold standard procedure (i.e. TURP) in various studies. It also has an advantage over TURP in that it can be performed on patients who are taking anticoagulant medication. However, patients in most studies are admitted to the hospital overnight on continuous bladder irrigation and are discharged home the next day.
The present study shows that it is safe and feasible to perform laser prostatectomy in an ambulatory fashion with discharge of patients within hours of their surgery. The discharge pathway is associated with minimal morbidity or the need for admission after surgery, and the reported short-term results are in accordance with the available literature on laser prostatectomy.
Available from: PubMed Central
- "HoLAP has even been utilized in a "fast-track" ambulatory surgery setting whereby 65 men were discharged directly home with catheters in place. Jumper et al.  report there were no readmissions and minimal morbidity within 90 days. "
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ABSTRACT: The gold standard for symptomatic relief of bladder outlet obstruction secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia has traditionally been a transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). Over the past decade, however, novel laser technologies that rival the conventional TURP have multiplied. As part of the ongoing quest to minimize complications, shorten hospitalization, improve resection time, and most importantly reduce mortality, laser prostatectomy has continually evolved. Today, there are more variations of laser prostatectomy, each with several differing surgical techniques. Although abundant data are available confirming the safety and feasibility of the various laser systems, future randomized-controlled trials will be necessary to verify which technique is superior. In this review, we describe the most common modalities used to perform a laser prostatectomy, mainly, the holmium laser and the potassium-titanyl-phosphate lasers. We also highlight the physical and clinical characteristics of each technology with a review of the most current and highest-quality literature.
Available from: Ian Pearce
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ABSTRACT: Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) syndrome is a rare but potentially fatal syndrome with multifactorial pathophysiology that is now better understood. Unfortunately, despite this improved understanding, it is not yet obsolete and still remains a risk. Many reviews of TURP syndrome have been presented from an anesthetic perspective; this review reflects more the urologic perspective with emphasis on the importance of multidisciplinary management of this complex syndrome. We present a review of TURP syndrome that specifically assesses advances in the understanding of risk factors, pathophysiology, and techniques used to prevent this syndrome. The databases Medline, Embase, Cochrane Controlled Trial Register, and Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects were systematically reviewed from inception to April 2009 for the keywords TUR (P), TUR (P) syndrome, and transurethral resection of prostate. There was no language restriction for our search. Randomized controlled trials, review articles and case series were included in our search. Our review showed a declining trend in the incidence of TURP syndrome despite TURP remaining the gold standard for the management of benign prostatic obstruction. Technologic advances using an array of laser techniques, the use of bipolar circuitry, together with advances in training techniques have helped minimize the risk of development of this syndrome. This review demonstrates the complexity of TURP syndrome. Even with a greater understanding of the pathophysiology, it highlights the unpredictability of the syndrome from presenting symptoms, preventative measures, and management. TURP syndrome cannot be protocol driven and the need for vigilance, a high index of suspicion, intensive monitoring, and a multidisciplinary approach is vital.
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To examine the effect of resident involvement on laser prostate surgery outcomes within a urology group in a private practice setting.
Materials and methods:
Patients with ≥ 6 months of follow-up data who had undergone holmium laser ablation of the prostate by a single surgeon (R.L.Y.) within a private urology group were included in the present study. The patients were divided into 2 groups, with resident involvement in 1 group and no resident involvement in 1 group. The preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative parameters were reviewed. The outcomes variables included changes in the International Prostate Symptom Score, quality of life scores, postvoid residual urine volumes, and reoperation rates. Statistical analysis used a 2-tailed Student t test with a significance level of .05.
Of 153 holmium laser ablations of the prostate, 79 (52%) met the inclusion criteria. Of the 79 cases, 42 (53%) involved a resident. No statistically significant differences were found among the 2 groups in preoperative patient characteristics, including age, Society of Anesthesiologists score, prostate-specific antigen level, postvoid residual urine volume, International Prostate Symptom Score, or quality of life. The operative times were significantly longer in the resident group (57 vs 46 minutes, P = .05). Postoperatively, no differences in the mean values were found in postvoid residual urine volume (56 vs 64 mL, P = .73), change in International Prostate Symptom Score (11.5 vs 9.7, P = .44), change in quality of life score (-2.1 vs -1.3, P = .13), or reoperation rate (5% vs 11%, P = .19).
The operative times were longer in the resident group, reflecting the inherent time taken to teach the residents the procedure. The results from the present study suggest that it is feasible to safely teach residents new surgical technology such as holmium laser ablation of the prostate in a nonacademic private practice setting without adversely affecting surgical performance or outcomes.
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