14-item resilience scale (RS-14): psychometric properties of the Brazilian version.

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre.
Journal of Nursing Measurement 01/2011; 19(3):131-45.
Source: PubMed


The Resilience Scale (RS) was developed to evaluate the levels of resilience in the general population. Its reduced version (RS-14) has presented reliable internal consistency and external validity. However, its psychometric properties have not been systematically evaluated. The objective of this study was to present the psychometric properties of the Brazilian RS-14. A total of 1,139 subjects selected by convenience (62.9% women) from 14 to 59 years old (M = 26.1, SD = 11.61) participated in the study. Exploratory factor analyses (EFAs) and parallel analysis were conducted in order to assess the factor structure of the scale. A 13-item single-factor solution was achieved. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) and multigroup CFA (MGCFA) corroborated the goodness of fit and measurement invariance of the obtained exploratory solution. The levels of resilience correlated negatively with depression and positively with meaning in life and self-efficacy.

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Article: 14-item resilience scale (RS-14): psychometric properties of the Brazilian version.

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    • "(Wagnild & Young 1993). Since their development , RS scales have been validated in a wide range of populations including adolescents (Hunter & Chandler 1999; Black & Ford-Gilboe 2004) and older populations (Wagnild 2003) and in many different ethnicities and languages, reporting internal consistencies ranging from .72 to .94 (Ahern et al. 2006; Abiola & Udofia 2011; Ruiz-Parraga et al. 2012; Damasio et al. 2011). "
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess reliability and validity of the Resilience Scale 11 (RS-11) and develop a shorter scale in a population-based study. The RS-11 scale was administered to 3942 participants (aged 64 - 94 years) of the KORA-Age study. To test reliability, factor analyses were carried out and internal consistency (Cronbach's α) was measured. Construct validity was measured by correlating scores with psychological constructs. The criterion for a shorter scale was a minimum internal consistency of .80. Shorter models were compared using confirmatory factor analysis. Sensitivity and specificity of RS-5 to RS-11 was analyzed. Factor analysis of the RS-11 gave a 1-factor solution. Internal consistency was α = .86. A shorter version of the scale was developed with 5 items, which also gave a 1-factor solution and showed good validity. Internal consistency of this shorter scale: Resilience Scale 5 (RS-5) was α = .80. Sensitivity and specificity of RS-5 compared with RS-11 were .79 and .91 respectively. Both scales correlated significantly in expected directions with related constructs. The RS-11 and the RS-5 are reliable, consistent and valid instruments to measure the ability of elderly individuals to successfully cope with change and misfortune.
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: We aim to investigate the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the Resilience Scale (RS-14) and to determine the cutoff score of the RS-14 for screening Chinese cancer patients with low resilience. Methods: The current study was divided into two studies. In the first study, we randomly selected 625 people and obtained their scores in the Chinese version of the RS-14 and SF-36 using cross-sectional survey. We then calculated the validity and reliability of the Chinese version of the RS-14. In the second study, we selected 970 hospital cancer patients diagnosed during 2010 to 2011 and assessed for their resilience once and for anxiety, depression, and quality of life on two occasions. We determined the cutoff score of the RS-14 based on the maximum Youden Index, with the scores of anxiety and depression as gold standards. Results: The correlation coefficients for inter-items were in the range of 0.23 to 0.68 (P < 0.001), whereas those for the item-scale were in the range of 0.62 to 0.82 (P < 0.001). Two factors represent the factor structure of the RS-14. The correlation coefficient between the RS-14 and SF-36 scores was 0.82 (P < 0.001). The split-half reliability and test-retest reliability of the RS-14 were both 0.82 (P < 0.001), and the internal consistency Cronbach's α was 0.93. The cutoff score of 64 was obtained for screening cancer patients with low resilience (sensitivity and specificity were 0.74 and 0.71, respectively). Conclusion: The Chinese version of the RS-14 has good validity and reliability, and it can measure the resilience of Chinese people. The cutoff score of 64 for the RS-14 is appropriate for detecting cancer patients with low resilience in order to decrease psychological stress and improving quality of life. Health care nurses can screen and detect cancer patients with low resilience based on the said cutoff score to timely provide psychological care and interventions for the patients.
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot have good long-term survival but less is known about the subjectively assessed quality of life or objectively measured functional status of those who have not required subsequent pulmonary valve replacement. We assessed these parameters in a group of children and adults free from pulmonary valve replacement after tetralogy of Fallot repair. Methods and results: A random sample of 50 subjects--16 children and 34 adults, aged 4.1-56.7 years---who had undergone tetralogy of Fallot repair and were free from subsequent pulmonary valve replacement underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing and completed standardised questionnaires assessing health-related quality of life and resilience. Patients were generally asymptomatic (median New York Heart Association class = I). Exercise capacity was within two standard deviations of normal for most children and adults (mean z VO2max: 0.20 ± 1.5; mean z VE/VCO2: -0.9 ± 1.3). Children reported a total health-related quality of life score similar to healthy norms (78 ± 10 versus 84 ± 1, p = 0.73). Adult survivors also reported quality of life scores comparable to healthy norms. Resilience was highly correlated with all domains of health-related quality of life (r = 0.713, p < 0.0001). Conclusions: Patients who have undergone tetralogy of Fallot repair in childhood and have not required pulmonary valve replacement have a good long-term health-related quality of life. The finding that patients with greater resilience had better health-related quality of life suggests that it may be beneficial to implement interventions to foster resilience.
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