Removal of Parotid, Submandibular, and Sublingual Glands

ArticleinOral and maxillofacial surgery clinics of North America 24(2):295-305, x · February 2012with8 Reads
DOI: 10.1016/j.coms.2012.01.005 · Source: PubMed
Abstract
Surgical removal of the major salivary glands is a common task for the oral and maxillofacial surgeon. The major salivary glands have complex anatomic relationships with the surrounding neurovascular structures, and a thorough understanding of the surgical anatomy is essential for any surgeon involved in the management of salivary gland disease. This article reviews the indications, surgical anatomy, diagnostic evaluation, and surgical techniques for removal of the major salivary glands.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to present our experience with a modification of the Blair approach to the parotid area, by means of a modified endaural component, which provides both excellent exposure and optimal functional and esthetic results, mainly over the preauricular area. A retrospective case series study was performed. It included surgical cases of patients who were operated on the parotid region in which the mentioned approach was indicated. The information was collected from the database available at the Universidad El Bosque Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department in Bogota, Colombia from 2008 to 2013. The sample consisted of 12 patients, with ages ranging from 23 to 56 years and a mean age of 38 years. A total of 8 patients were women and 4 patients were men. Parotid pathologies included salivary gland tumor (10 patients) and cranial base tumor (2 patients). Procedures executed were: superficial lobe and total parotidectomy resection, pharynx extended and cranial base tumor resections. This investigation presents our experience with a modified approach to the parotid region. This approach gives an extended and safe exposure to the region with excellent cosmetic outcomes.
    Article · Jul 2015
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Wharton's duct is dissected in a retrograde direction from the orifice of the duct to the hilum of the submandibular gland when the gland is being excised conventionally. Here we describe an anterograde technique, in which Wharton's duct is dissected in an anterograde direction from the hilum of the submandibular gland to the orifice of the duct. This prospective clinical study included 50 consecutive patients with ranulas who had anterograde excision of the sublingual gland between May 2012 and January 2015. The intraoral incision was similar to that for conventional excision. Wharton's duct and other important anatomical structures located in the space behind the sublingual gland were all identified at the beginning of the procedure, followed by anterograde dissection of Wharton's duct. After the glandular tissue lateral to the duct had been incised completely, the duct was exposed and the gland cut into two parts. Finally, the two parts were removed, and the ranula ruptured. The patients were followed up was from 6 months-2 years. There were no complications. Anterograde excision of the sublingual gland is based on the anatomy, and this reduces the risk of complications after removal of a ranula. © 2015 The British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.
    Article · Jan 2016