The Relationship among Young Adult College Students’ Depression, Anxiety, Stress, Demographics, Life Satisfaction, and Coping Styles

University of Kentucky, College of Nursing, Lexington, USA.
Issues in Mental Health Nursing 03/2012; 33(3):149-56. DOI: 10.3109/01612840.2011.632708
Source: PubMed


Recent research indicates that young adult college students experience increased levels of depression, anxiety, and stress. It is less clear what strategies college health care providers might use to assist students in decreasing these mental health concerns. In this paper, we examine the relative importance of coping style, life satisfaction, and selected demographics in predicting undergraduates' depression, anxiety, and stress. A total of 508 full-time undergraduate students aged 18-24 years completed the study measures and a short demographics information questionnaire. Coping strategies and life satisfaction were assessed using the Brief COPE Inventory and an adapted version of the Brief Students' Multidimensional Life Satisfaction Scale. Depression, anxiety, and stress were measured using the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21). Multiple regression analyses were used to examine the relative influence of each of the independent variables on depression, anxiety, and stress. Maladaptive coping was the main predictor of depression, anxiety, and stress. Adaptive coping was not a significant predictor of any of the three outcome variables. Reducing maladaptive coping behaviors may have the most positive impact on reducing depression, anxiety, and stress in this population.

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    • "This has prompted counseling and education professionals to focus attention on stress, coping, and college adjustment, particularly among first-year and second-year undergraduate students (Pierceall & Keim, 2007; Saber, Mohmoud, Staten, Hall, & Lennie, 2012). "

    Full-text · Dataset · Nov 2015
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    • "Apart from genetic (Kendler et al., 1995) and environmental factors (e.g., job loss, poor social network; Musliner et al., 2015), maladaptive coping and lack of adaptive coping styles 3 in stressful situations have long been implicated in the pathogenesis of different psychological disorders. For example, dysfunctional coping patterns have been identified in depression (Hori et al., 2014; Mahmoud et al., 2012; Xu et al., 2013), pathological gambling (Getty et al., 2000), anxiety (Mahmoud et al., 2012) and psychotic symptoms (Lincoln et al., 2015; Lysaker et al., 2005; Phillips et al., 2009). Whereas maladaptive strategies (e.g., rumination and suppression; Aldao et al., 2010) seem helpful in the short term but are detrimental in the long run, adaptive coping strategies such as problem solving and reappraisal are thought to prevent and reduce harm and emotional problems both in the short and long run. "
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    ABSTRACT: Lack of adaptive and enhanced maladaptive coping with stress and negative emotions are implicated in many psychopathological disorders. We describe the development of a new scale to investigate the relative contribution of different coping styles to psychopathology in a large population sample. We hypothesized that the magnitude of the supposed positive correlation between maladaptive coping and psychopathology would be stronger than the supposed negative correlation between adaptive coping and psychopathology. We also examined whether distinct coping style patterns emerge for different psychopathological syndromes.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2015 · Journal of Affective Disorders
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    • "On the contrary, inability to cope with excessive amount of stress can have a devastating effect on students mentally, physically and psychologically [7]. Previous study has shown that the use of maladaptive coping strategies such as self-blaming, denial and giving up could predict higher levels of depression, anxiety and stress among students [7]. A similar result was reported by Brougham, Zail, Mendoza, & Miller [24], who investigated the relationship between sources of stress and coping strategies among 166 college students and found that the levels of daily hassles was significantly correlated with the use of avoidance and self-punishment for both men and women. "
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    ABSTRACT: The study examined the relationship between personality, coping strategies, and level of psychological stress. Participants consisted of 148 university students from a private university college in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Leonard Personality Inventory (LPI), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and COPE Inventory were used. The results revealed that participants who have high analytical personality dimension were more likely to use problem-focused coping. Those with high relational and low openness personality dimension were more likely to use socially supported coping strategies. Contrary to expectation, level of psychological stress was not influenced by personality. However, higher level of psychological stress was related to avoidant and socially supported coping strategies. Findings may be beneficial to mental health professionals in helping university students to manage their stress.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015
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