Photolytic and Radiolytic Oxidation of Humic Acid

Instituto de Investigaciones Fisicoquímicas Teóricas y Aplicadas (INIFTA, CCT La Plata-CONICET/UNLP), Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina.
Photochemistry and Photobiology (Impact Factor: 2.27). 02/2012; 88(4):810-5. DOI: 10.1111/j.1751-1097.2012.01116.x
Source: PubMed


The reactions of Br(2)(˙-), Br˙, HO˙ and N(3)˙ with Aldrich humic acid (AHA) were investigated. The Br/Br(2)(˙-) radicals were obtained in flash-photolysis experiments (λ(exc) = 266 nm) performed with NaS(2)O(8) solutions in the presence of bromide ions. HO˙ and N(3)˙ radicals were generated by pulse radiolysis of N(2)O-saturated solutions. From the combination of a bilinear analysis and computer simulations of the absorbance traces, it was possible to obtain information on the rate constants for the reactions of Br(2)(˙-), Br˙, HO˙ and N(3)˙ with AHA and on the intermediate species involved in the mechanism. Evidence for the participation of phenoxyl radicals (λ(max) = 410 nm) is given.

Download full-text


Available from: Claudio D. Borsarelli, Jan 21, 2014
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A model fulvic acid (FA) was synthesized from a natural dye, hematoxylin, in a slow oxidative polymerization/condensation reaction catalysed by OH- at pH ca. 12. The resulting dark-brown product, acidified to pH ca. 2, did not precipitate from the reaction solution. It was isolated and purified by cation-exchange resin. Its physicochemical and spectroscopic properties, as determined by means of elemental analysis, molecular weight analyses, Fourier transform infra red (FTIR) and ultraviolet-visible (UV-VIS) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy, showed a close resemblance to natural FA. The similarity and differences between synthetic fulvic acids derived from hematoxylin and the natural fulvic acids substances are discussed. Quantum-chemical calculations of the supposed primary oxidation products of hematoxylin are performed and compared with observations.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2015 · Journal of Molecular Structure
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The role of the mobile C-terminal extension present in Rhodobacter capsulatus ferredoxin–NADP(H) reductase (RcFPR) was evaluated using steady-state and dynamic spectroscopies for both intrinsic Trp and FAD in a series of mutants in the absence of NADP(H). Deletion of the six C-terminal amino acids beyond Ala266 was combined with the replacement A266Y to emulate the structure of plastidic reductases. Our results show that these modifications of the wild-type RcFPR produce subtle global conformational changes, but strongly reduce the local rigidity of the FAD-binding pocket, exposing the isoalloxazine ring to the solvent. Thus, the ultrafast charge-transfer quenching of 1FAD* by the conserved Tyr66 residue was absent in the mutant series, producing enhancement of the excited singlet- and triplet-state properties of FAD. This work highlights the delicate balance of the specific interactions between FAD and the surrounding amino acids, and how the functionality and/or photostability of redox flavoproteins can be modified.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2015 · ChemPhysChem