Article

Comparison of the pharmacokinetics of paracetamol from two generic products in patients after total gastric resection

Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Biopharmacy, Karol Marcinkowski University of Medical Sciences, Marii Magdaleny 14, PL 61-861 Poznań, Poland.
Pharmacological reports: PR (Impact Factor: 1.93). 11/2011; 63(6):1518-25. DOI: 10.1016/S1734-1140(11)70715-0
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Gastrectomy leads to pathophysiological changes within the alimentary tract, which may affect drug absorption and pharmacokinetic parameters (PK). The need to apply orally administered analgesics in this group of patients is often related with alternative application of currently available generic products. Thus, from the clinical point of view it is necessary to evaluate the PK of these drugs to confirm their equivalence. The aim of the study was therefore an analysis of the pharmacokinetics of paracetamol from two generic products in patients after total gastric resection. The research was carried out on two groups of patients after gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction (n = 30; mean [SD] age, 63.0 [11.5] years; weight, 67.6 [13.7] kg; and height, 166.4 [9.1] cm). The patients received paracetamol in a single orally administered dose of 1,000 mg. Blood samples were collected within 6 h of drug administration. The concentration of paracetamol and paracetamol glucuronide in the blood plasma was marked by means of a validated high-pressure liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection (HPLC-UV). The main PK for paracetamol in group 1 (n = 17) and 2 (n = 13) were as follows: C(max), 9.46 (3.66) and 12.79 (5.32) μg/ml, respectively (p = 0.0517); AUMC(0-t), 77.64 (30.37) and 51.01 (15.76) μg h(2)/ml (p = 0.0046); AUC(0-inf), 41.61 (23.52) and 30.28 (9.74) μg h/ml (p = 0.0862); t(max), 1.68 (0.63) and 0.50 (0.25) h (p < 0001). The obtained C(max) and AUC values in patients after gastrectomy were reduced in comparison with healthy subjects. Total gastrectomy therefore affected the pharmacokinetics of paracetamol administered in tablets. In our patients, we also observed significant differences between the PK of paracetamol and two generic preparations. These two drugs can thus be used interchangeably, but with caution.

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Available from: Anna Wolc, Mar 01, 2014
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    • "In comparison with the healthy volunteers the overall lower mean C max obtained may be due to lowered absorption after complete gastrectomy. In the previous study the authors discovered lower mean C max values for two generics of paracetamol in patients after gastrectomy as compared with healthy volunteers [28]. Another parameter that may change as a result of gastrectomy is the time to maximum paracetamol concentration. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Tramadol/paracetamol is a fixed-dose combination prescribed for the relief of moderate to severe pain. The combination acts synergistically and guarantees the rapid onset of paracetamol and the prolonged analgesic effect of tramadol with good tolerability. These drugs are often used in various formulations in the treatment of patients with postoperative pain, e.g. after stomach resection. Gastrectomy leads to pathophysiological changes within the alimentary tract, which may affect the process of drug absorption. The aim of the research was an analysis of the pharmacokinetics of tramadol/paracetamol from effervescent and conventional tablets in patients after total gastrectomy. Methods: The research was carried out on patients after gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction. The patients received two tramadol/paracetamol fixed-dose combination tablets in a single orally administered dose of 75/650 mg (2 × 37.5/325 mg). The patients were subjected to one of the two study drug group with: I. effervescent tablet (ET) (n = 14; mean [SD] age, 63.4 [10.1] years; weight, 75.5 [15.3]kg; and BMI, 26.0 [4.6]kg/m(2)) and II. conventional tablet (CT) (n = 12; mean [SD] age, 66.8 [7.7] years; weight, 79.8 [17.8]kg; and BMI, 27.4 [5.3]kg/m(2)). Blood samples were collected within 10 h after the drug administration. The plasma concentrations of tramadol and paracetamol were measured with validated HPLC (high-performance liquid chromatography) method with UV detection. Results: The comparison of the paracetamol and tramadol C(max) ratio for the ET group with that of the CT group gave ratios of 1.16 [90% confidence interval (CI) 1.06, 1.27] and 0.86 (90% CI 0.72, 1.02), respectively. The comparison of the paracetamol and tramadol AUC(0-t) ratio for the ET group with that of the CT group showed ratios of 0.99 (90% CI 0.88, 1.10) and 1.00 (90% CI 0.82, 1.22), respectively. The comparison of the difference for the effervescent and conventional formulation gave an estimated decrease in t(max) of 0.5 h for paracetamol and 0.13 h for tramadol. Conclusions: In view of the changes in the pharmacokinetics of paracetamol and tramadol in the patients after gastric resection for both formulations compared the conventional tablet seems to be more appropriate due to the comparable rate of absorption of both substances, higher concentrations of tramadol and comparable exposure to paracetamol.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2014 · Pharmacological reports: PR