Frequency Distribution of the Amide-I Vibration Sorted by Residues in Amyloid Fibrils Revealed by 2D-IR Measurements and Simulations

Institut des Sciences Moléculaires d'Orsay, UMR CNRS 8214, Université Paris-Sud 11, 91405 Orsay, France.
The Journal of Physical Chemistry B (Impact Factor: 3.3). 03/2012; 116(10):3322-30. DOI: 10.1021/jp2096423
Source: PubMed


The infrared optical response of amyloid fibrils Aβ(1-40) is investigated. Simulations of two models corresponding to different protonation states are compared with experiment. The simulations reveal that vibrational frequency distributions inside the fibrils are dominated by side chain fluctuations. We further confirm earlier suggestions based on 2D-IR measurements that water molecules can be trapped inside the fibrils.

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    ABSTRACT: Infrared (IR) spectroscopy has been widely utilized for the study of protein folding, unfolding, and misfolding processes. We have previously developed a theoretical method for calculating IR spectra of proteins in the amide I region. In this work, we apply this method, in combination with replica-exchange molecular dynamics simulations, to study the equilibrium thermal unfolding transition of the villin headpiece subdomain (HP36). Temperature-dependent IR spectra and spectral densities are calculated. The spectral densities correctly reflect the unfolding conformational changes in the simulation. With the help of isotope labeling, we are able to capture the feature that helix 2 of HP36 loses its secondary structure before global unfolding occurs, in agreement with experiment.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2012 · The Journal of Physical Chemistry B
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    ABSTRACT: Single-conformation infrared spectra in the amide I and amide II regions have been recorded for a total of 34 conformations of three α-peptides, three β-peptides, four α∕β-peptides, and one γ-peptide using resonant ion-dip infrared spectroscopy of the jet-cooled, isolated molecules. Assignments based on the amide NH stretch region were in hand, with the amide I∕II data providing additional evidence in favor of the assignments. A set of 21 conformations that represent the full range of H-bonded structures were chosen to characterize the conformational dependence of the vibrational frequencies and infrared intensities of the local amide I and amide II modes and their amide I∕I and amide II∕II coupling constants. Scaled, harmonic calculations at the DFT M05-2X∕6-31+G(d) level of theory accurately reproduce the experimental frequencies and infrared intensities in both the amide I and amide II regions. In the amide I region, Hessian reconstruction was used to extract local mode frequencies and amide I∕I coupling constants for each conformation. These local amide I frequencies are in excellent agreement with those predicted by DFT calculations on the corresponding (13)C = (18)O isotopologues. In the amide II region, potential energy distribution analysis was combined with the Hessian reconstruction scheme to extract local amide II frequencies and amide II∕II coupling constants. The agreement between these local amide II frequencies and those obtained from DFT calculations on the N-D isotopologues is slightly worse than for the corresponding comparison in the amide I region. The local mode frequencies in both regions are dictated by a combination of the direct H-bonding environment and indirect, "backside" H-bonds to the same amide group. More importantly, the sign and magnitude of the inter-amide coupling constants in both the amide I and amide II regions is shown to be characteristic of the size of the H-bonded ring linking the two amide groups. These amide I∕I and amide II∕II coupling constants remain similar in size for α-, β-, and γ-peptides despite the increasing number of C-C bonds separating the amide groups. These findings provide a simple, unifying picture for future attempts to base the calculation of both nearest-neighbor and next-nearest-neighbor coupling constants on a joint footing.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2012 · The Journal of Chemical Physics
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    ABSTRACT: Single-conformation ultraviolet and infrared spectroscopy has been carried out on the neutral peptide series, Z-(Gly)(n)-OH, n = 1,3,5 (ZGn) and Z-(Gly)(5)-NHMe (ZG5-NHMe) in the isolated environment of a supersonic expansion. The N-terminal Z-cap (carboxybenzyl) provides an ultraviolet chromophore for resonant two-photon ionization (R2PI) spectroscopy. Conformation-specific infrared spectra were recorded in double resonance using resonant ion-dip infrared spectroscopy (RIDIRS). By comparing the experimental spectra with the predictions of DFT M05-2X/6-31+G(d) calculations, the structures could be characterized in terms of the sequence of intramolecular H-bonded rings of varying size. Despite the enhanced flexibility of the glycine residues, a total of only six conformers were observed among the four molecules. Two conformers for ZG1 were found with the major conformation taking on an extended, planar β-strand conformation. Two conformers were observed for ZG3, with the majority of the population in a C11/C7/C7/π(g-) structure that forms a full loop of the glycine chain. Both ZG5 molecules had their population primarily in a single conformation, with structures characteristic of the first stages of a "mixed" β-helix. C14/C16 H-bonded rings in opposing directions (N → C and C → N) tie the helix together, with nearest-neighbor C7 rings turning the backbone so that it forms the helix. φ/ψ angles alternate in sign along the backbone, as is characteristic of the mixed, C14/C16 β-helix. The calculated conformational energies of these structures are unusually stable relative to all others, with energies significantly lower than the PGI/PGII conformations characteristic of polyglycine structures in solution and in the crystalline form, where intermolecular H-bonds play a role.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2012 · Journal of the American Chemical Society
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