Hypermethylation of the gene LARP2 for noninvasive prenatal diagnosis of β-thalassemia based on DNA methylation profile

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, The First Affiliated Hospital, Chongqiang Medical University, Chongqing, China.
Molecular Biology Reports (Impact Factor: 2.02). 02/2012; 39(6):6591-8. DOI: 10.1007/s11033-012-1489-z
Source: PubMed


In order to identify epigenetic markers of β-thalassemia, a genome-wide profiling method named differential methylation hybridization was used to search these differentially methylated genes. Unsupervised hierarchical clustering and molecular annotation system were used to analyze the data, and methylation-specific PCR and real-time PCR were used to confirm the differentially methylated genes. This system was validated by detecting 13 cases, 10 of which were homo-zygous β-thalassaemia. Totally 113 genes were identified as methlyation-enriched genes (ratio ≥ 2.0, P < 0.05) and 96 genes were identified as hypomethylated genes in both groups (ratio ≤ 0.5, P < 0.05). The promoter of the gene of La ribonucleoprotein domain family (LARP2) was significantly hypermethylated in β-thalassemia, and the expression of LARP2 was significantly lower in β-thalassemia. Hypermethylation of the LARP2 promoter was correlated with its lower expression in β-thalassemia and our chip-based DNA methylation detection system can provide earlier diagnosis of β-thalassemia using this epigenetic marker.

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    ABSTRACT: Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) is widely used in quantitation of plasma DNA for non‑invasive prenatal diagnosis (NIPD). Control genes are indispensable as standard normalizers in qPCR analysis, and there is increasing evidence indicating that the content levels of commonly used control genes vary significantly in different independent experiments. The commonly used control genes for DNA quantitation using qPCR in plasma DNA analysis are frequently chosen without any preliminary evaluation of their suitability. The present study aimed to examine a panel of six common control genes (HBB, TERT, GAPDH, ALB, ACTB and TRG) in order to evaluate and validate the most reliable control genes for qPCR studies in the quantitation of plasma DNA from pregnant and non‑pregnant females for NIPD. Plasma DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood of 18 pregnant females and 18 non‑pregnant females by the QIAamp DNA mini kit. qPCR followed by geNorm, NormFinder and BestKeeper based analysis was conducted to evaluate the DNA content stabilities of the six candidate control genes. DSCR3 was used to validate the result. The study recommended TERT and the combination of ACTB and TERT as the optimal control genes for qPCR studies on pregnant/non‑pregnant plasma DNA quantitation. Thus, the study reveals that the DNA content stability of widely used control genes varies significantly in pregnant and non‑pregnant plasma DNA.
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