Article

Solifenacin for overactive bladder: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Department of Urology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Guoxue Xiang #37, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, People's Republic of China.
International Urogynecology Journal (Impact Factor: 1.96). 02/2012; 23(8):983-91. DOI: 10.1007/s00192-011-1641-7
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of solifenacin for treating overactive bladder. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were identified and extracted from MEDLINE, Embase, and CENTRAL. The quality of the included RCTs was assessed using the Jadad score, and heterogeneity was analyzed using the chi-squared test. The data of the included RCTs were collected, extracted, and assessed by our protocol. A total of nine RCTs were identified from the search strategy. Compared with the placebo and tolterodine treatments, both short-term (mostly 12-week) trials indicated that solifenacin significantly reduced urgency episodes, micturitions, and incontinence episodes per 24 h. Compared with the solifenacin (5 mg) group, the solifenacin (10 mg) group was significantly better in terms of the number of micturitions per 24 h. With regard to adverse effects, the patients treated with solifenacin had significantly higher rates of constipation and blurred vision than patients treated with tolterodine. The solifenacin therapy was not inferior to tolterodine in terms of efficacy profiles and had a similar incidence of overall adverse events compared with tolterodine treatment. Solifenacin (5 mg) is thus a recommended dose because of its reported balance between efficacy and acceptable tolerability.

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    ABSTRACT: The benefit that patients with overactive bladder (OAB) experience with conservative management is an important aspect in the evaluation of this therapy. The first-line options include behavioral interventions, and several techniques are available. Clinical research indicates amelioration of individual symptoms with these techniques, but few studies have shown a positive effect on health-related quality-of-life parameters. After failure of behavioral therapy or in combination with a training program, pharmacological therapy with anticholinergics is the next step. Extensive clinical research into different pharmacological compounds has shown significant effects on the symptomatic elements of OAB. The clinical relevance and the effects on quality-of-life parameters with pharmacological therapy have also been evaluated and show a significant effect on specific aspects. Recently, clinical research in conservative management of patients with OAB has focused more on evaluating patients' perceptions of their condition and the effects of treatment with patient-reported outcome instruments. Future studies should include these tools in the evaluation of any therapy in OAB.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2012 · Current Urology Reports
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    No preview · Article · Mar 2013 · European Urology
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    Full-text · Article · Jun 2013 · Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
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