Relationship among plasma adipokines, insulin and androgens level as well as biochemical glycemic and lipidemic markers with incidence of PCOS in women with normal BMI
Department of Biochemistry, The Persian Gulf TropicalMedicine Research Center, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, IR Iran. Gynecological Endocrinology
(Impact Factor: 1.33).
02/2012; 28(7):521-4. DOI: 10.3109/09513590.2011.650747
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder in women. Omentin-1 and vaspin are secretary adipokines that are produced by the visceral adipose tissue. These levels change in obese women with PCOS. The aim of this study is to investigate whether omentin and vaspin levels change in nonobese PCOS subjects. This study is a cross-sectional case control study in which 39 women with PCOS were picked out for this study. The inclusion criteria were based on the Rotterdam 2003 diagnostic criteria. The control group consisted of 39 women with normal pelvic sonographic reports having regular menstruation and showing no signs of infertility. The fasting plasma glucose (FPG), triglyceride (TG), Chol, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), insulin, testosterone, omentin and vaspin were measured by the enzymatic methods. The differences within these groups were calculated by the un-paired t-test and the Mann-Whitney test. The results from this study show a significant increase in the amount of insulin, testosterone, homeostasis model assessments for insulin resistance, TG and lower HDL in the patient group. No significant differences were seen in omentin, vaspin, FPG, Cho, low-density lipoprotein, very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, blood urea nitrogen, Cr and homeostasis model assessments for B cell function levels between groups. Results show that PCOS is not a determinant of decreased omentin and vaspin plasma levels and those high androgen level and insulin resistances are warning signs of PCOS.
Available from: Reza Salman Yazdi
- "The polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder  with a prevalence of 4–10% in women of reproductive age  and it is known to be the main cause of anovulation infertility in these patients . PCOS is characterized by the presence of at least two out of three main features: detection of polycystic ovaries by sonography, hyperandrogenism and chronic oligo/anovulation in patients . "
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The abdominal form of obesity is prevalent in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Visceral fat accumulation seems to play an important role in etiology of PCOS. In this cross-sectional study we evaluated the association of oxidative stress (OS) induced with PCOS and abdominal obesity in serum and follicular fluid (FF) of infertile women.
A total of 80 women younger than 37 years old undergoing an IVF program were studied in the same period of time from September 2012 to October 2013. Blood serum and FF obtained from 40 women with PCOS (diagnosed by the Rotterdam 2004 criteria) and 40 women without PCOS undergoing IVF were evaluated for two OS markers: lipid peroxide (LPO) and total antioxidant capacity (TAC), after puncture. The patients were divided into 4 groups on the basis of presence of PCOS and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) or abdominal obesity (OA).
Healthy and PCOS women with abdominal obesity had significantly higher amounts of LPO in the serum and FF as compared with women without abdominal obesity. LPO concentration in FF was significantly lower than in serum and corroborates the hypothesis that the germinal cells have a potent antioxidant mechanism. We also found that LPO concentration in the PCOS group associated with AO had an increasing trend vs. those AO patients without PCOS but this difference was not significant, so the increase in LPO level was approximately independent of PCOS. Based on our results, the association and interaction between PCOS and AO can lead to TAC concentration reduction in patients.
Abdominal obesity can induce local and systemic oxidative stress in PCOS and non-PCOS patients. We suggest that PCOS-induced disorders are likely to be exacerbated in the presence of abdominal obesity.
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ABSTRACT: Omentin is an adipokine preferentially produced by visceral adipose tissue with insulin-sensitizing effects. Its expression is reduced in obesity, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Omentin is also positively related with adiponectin, high-density lipoprotein levels and negatively related with body mass index, waist circumference, insulin resistance, triglyceride and leptin levels. Lower plasma omentin levels contribute to the pathogenesis of insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases in obese or overweight patients. Omentin has anti-inflammatory, anti-atherogenic, anti-cardiovascular disease and antidiabetic properties. With respect to vascular biology, omentin causes vasodilatation of blood vessels and attenuates C-reactive protein-induced angiogenesis. The ability of omentin to reduce insulin resistance in conjunction with its anti-inflammatory and anti-atherogenic properties makes it a promising therapeutic target. Thus, omentin may have beneficial effects on the metabolic syndrome and could potentially be used as a biologic marker and/or pharmacologic agent/target in this respect.
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To evaluate possible clinical effects of adiponectin, resistin, IL-6, and TNF-α in obese and non-obese patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
Seventy selected PCOS patients were recruited for this study, and were divided into two groups based on their body mass index (BMI): 35 obese (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2, group A), 35 non-obese (BMI<25 kg/m2 group B). In addition, 35 healthy non-obese women (BMI<25 kg/m2) were enrolled as the control (group C). Serum levels of FSH, LH, T, glucose, insulin, adiponectin, resistin, IL-6, TNF-α were detected, and compared the differences of them among three groups.
Blood glucose levels among three groups had no difference (P>0.05). Blood insulin level was significantly greater in group A than in group B or group C (P<0.05), and a significant difference existed between group B and group C (P<0.05). The ratio of glucose/insulin was significantly higher in group A than in group B or group C (P<0.05), and the ratio in group B was significantly higher than that in group C (P<0.05). Adiponectin level was significantly lower and resistin level was significantly higher in group A than in group B or group C (P<0.05). IL-6 level in group C was significantly lower than that in group A or group B (P<0.05), and significant difference was found between group A and group B (P<0.05). TNF-α level was a slight high in group B, whereas there was no statistical difference among three groups (P>0.05).
Disturbances of some metabolic and inflammatory adipokines could involve the pathogenesis of PCOS in both obese and non-obese women. Low-grade chronic inflammation might have negative effects on the development of PCOS in nonobese women.
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