Cytidine deaminase genetic variants influence RNA expression and cytarabine cytotoxicity in acute myeloid leukemia

ArticleinPharmacogenomics 13(3):269-82 · February 2012with13 Reads
Impact Factor: 3.22 · DOI: 10.2217/pgs.11.149 · Source: PubMed

    Abstract

    Cytidine deaminase (CDA) irreversibly deaminates cytarabine (Ara-C), a key component of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) induction and consolidation therapy. CDA overexpression results in Ara-C resistance, while decreased expression is associated with toxicity. We evaluated factors influencing variation in CDA mRNA expression in adult AML patients and normal controls, and how they contributed to Ara-C cytotoxicity in AML cells.
    CDA mRNA expression in 100 de novo AML patients and 36 normal controls were determined using quantitative reverse-transcriptase PCR. Genetic variants in the CDA gene were screened by direct sequencing. IC₅₀ of Ara-C was determined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay.
    CDA RNA expression as well as Ara-C IC₅₀ showed wide variation in AML samples and normal controls. Fourteen sequence variants were identified, three of which (-33delC, intron 2 TCAT repeat and the 3´untranslated region 816delC variants) showed significant association with RNA expression and the nonsynonymous coding variant 79A>C was associated with Ara-C cytotoxicity.
    CDA genetic variants explain the variation in RNA expression and may be candidates for individualizing Ara-C therapy.