Consistency of HLA associations between two independent measles vaccine cohorts: A replication study

Mayo Clinic Vaccine Research Group, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.
Vaccine (Impact Factor: 3.62). 03/2012; 30(12):2146-52. DOI: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2012.01.038
Source: PubMed


Associations between HLA genotypes and measles vaccine humoral and cellular immune responses were examined to better understand immunogenetic drivers of vaccine response. Two independent study cohorts of healthy schoolchildren were examined: cohort one, 346 children between 12 and 18 years of age; and cohort two, 388 children between 11 and 19 years of age. All received two age-appropriate doses of measles-containing vaccine. The purpose of this study was to identify and replicate associations between HLA genes and immune responses following measles vaccination found in our first cohort. Associations of comparable magnitudes and with similar p-values were observed between B*3503 (1st cohort p=0.01; 2nd cohort p=0.07), DQA1*0201 (1st cohort p=0.03; 2nd cohort p=0.03), DQB1*0303 (1st cohort p=0.10; 2 cohort p=0.02), DQB1*0602 (1st cohort p=0.07; 2nd cohort p=0.10), and DRB1*0701 (1st cohort p=0.03; 2nd cohort p=0.07) alleles and measles-specific antibody levels. Suggestive, yet consistent, associations were observed between the B7 (1st cohort p=0.01; 2nd cohort p=0.08) supertype and higher measles antibody levels in both cohorts. Also, in both cohorts, the B*0801 and DRB1*0301 alleles, C*0802 and DPA1*0202 alleles, and DRB1*1303 alleles displayed consistent associations with variations in IFN-γ, IL-2 and IL-10 secretion, respectively. This study emphasizes the importance of replicating HLA associations with measles vaccine-induced humoral and cellular immune responses and increases confidence in the results. These data will inform strategies for functional studies and novel vaccine development, including epitope-based measles vaccines. This is the first HLA association replication study with measles vaccine-specific immune responses to date.

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    • "For example, the GWAS of hepatitis B vaccine responses adopted this tiered approach , genotyping 455 508 SNPs in a discovery set of 1683 individuals and pursuing a subset of 1706 SNPs in a replication cohort of 1931 individuals, resulting in 47 significant SNPs after corrections for multiple testing [9]. The association between HLA-DQA1*0201 and both measles-and rubella-specific antibody responses have also been replicated in independent populations [13, 14]. "
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