Three-Dimensional Echocardiography in Congenital Heart Disease

Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Cardiology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29425, USA.
Echocardiography (Impact Factor: 1.25). 02/2012; 29(2):242-8. DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2011.01612.x
Source: PubMed


Complex intracardiac anatomy and spatial relationships are inherent to congenital heart defects (CHDs). Recognition of the limitations of two-dimensional echocardiography has stimulated clinical interest in three-dimensional imaging. The current review examines contemporary studies in the following areas where three-dimensional echocardiography has provided additive value in CHD: (1) visualization of morphology, (2) quantitation of chamber sizes and ventricular function, and (3) image-guided interventions.

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    • "3D Echocardiography continues to develop and will play a more significant role in a number of clinical areas in the future. There are a number of current reviews discussing 3D echocardiography in detail [30]. "
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    ABSTRACT: There have been significant advancements in the ability of echocardiography to provide both morphological and functional information in children with congenitally malformed hearts. This progress has come through the development of improved technology such as matrix array probes and software which allows for the off line analysis of images to a high standard. This article focuses on these developments and discusses some newer concepts in advanced echocardiography such is multi-planar reformatting [MPR] and tissue motion annular displacement [TMAD]. Our aim is to discuss important aspects related to the quality and reproducibility of data, to review the most recent published data regarding advanced echocardiography in the malformed heart and to guide the reader to appropriate text for overcoming the technical challenges of using these methods. Many of the technical aspects of image acquisition and post processing have been discussed in recent reviews by the authors and we would urge readers to study these texts to gain a greater understanding [1]. The quality of the two dimensional image is paramount in both strain analysis and three dimensional echocardiography. An awareness of how to improve image quality is vital to acquiring accurate and usable data. Three dimensional echocardiography (3DE) is an attempt to visualise the dynamic morphology of the heart. Although published media is the basis for theoretical knowledge of how to practically acquire images, electronic media [] is the only way of visualising the advantages of this technology in real time. It is important to be aware of the limitations of this technology and that much of the data gleaned from using these methods is at a research stage and not yet in regular clinical practice.
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    ABSTRACT: The increasing number of survivors of congenital heart disease (CHD) has been paralleled by advancement of imaging modalities used for the ongoing assessment of these patients. There has been a large body of literature describing new approaches to non-invasive assessment of CHD. We will review new applications of well established as well as novel techniques for the management and understanding of CHD.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2012 · Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports
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