Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Intentions and Uptake in College Women

Department of Psychology, McGill University.
Health Psychology (Impact Factor: 3.59). 01/2012; 31(5):685-93. DOI: 10.1037/a0027012
Source: PubMed


Objective: Using the health belief model (HBM) and theory of planned behavior (TPB) as theoretical frameworks, the objectives of this study were: (a) to identify correlates of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination intentions and (b) to explore differences between correlates of HPV vaccination intentions and uptake. Methods: Undergraduate women (N = 447) who did not intend to receive (n = 223), intended to receive (n = 102), or had received (n = 122) the HPV vaccine were surveyed. Logistic regressions were conducted to examine the correlates of vaccination intentions and uptake. Results: Negative health consequences of the vaccine, physician's recommendation, positive attitudes toward the vaccine, and subjective norms were significant correlates of vaccination intentions. When comparing correlates of vaccination intentions to correlates of vaccination uptake, physician's recommendation, subjective norms, and perceived susceptibility to HPV were unique correlates of uptake. Conclusion: Differences between correlates of vaccination intentions and uptake suggest that social influences of liked and trusted individuals may make an important and unique contribution in motivating young women to receive the HPV vaccine beyond other variables from the HBM and TPB. Future utilization of longitudinal designs is needed to understand which factors may cause individuals to decide to receive the HPV vaccine. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved).

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    • "Particularly in the U.S., where HPV vaccination typically occurs in medical settings, the recommendation from a HCP plays a central role in the decision to receive HPV vaccine (Brewer et al., 2011; Guerry et al., 2011). A recent study of Canadian undergraduates showed similar results (Krawczyk et al., 2012). Conversely, among those who have not received HPV vaccine, the lack of HCP recommendation has been identified as a major reason for non-vaccination (Liddon et al., 2012a; Zimet et al., 2010). "
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