Triptolide enhances the sensitivity of multiple myeloma cells to dexamethasone via microRNAs
Recently triptolide (TPL) has been proved to have the capacity to inhibit the proliferation of multiple myeloma (MM) cells as well as leukemic cells in vitro. In the present study, we found a synergistic effect when TPL was added to dexamethasone to induce apoptosis in MM.1S cells. This combination induced a significantly higher proportion of apoptotic cells compared with those treated with each drug separately. TPL down-regulated the expression of miR142 - 5p and miR181a, which have been shown to inhibit glucocorticoid receptor (GR) expression. MicroRNA mimics and inhibitors inhibited or enhanced the synergistic effect between TPL and dexamethasone in inducing apoptosis in MM.1S cells, suggesting an important role of miR142 - 5p and miR181a in GR regulation by TPL. The in vitro proapoptotic effect of TPL associated with dexamethasone reveals a new lead for further clinical investigation into the treatment of patients with MM with TPL.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.