Effect of interferon therapy on first and second recurrence after resection of hepatitis C virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma
Department of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine Department of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Osaka City General Hospital Department of Surgery, Osaka City Juso Hospital, Osaka, Japan. Hepatology Research
(Impact Factor: 2.74).
01/2012; 42(6):564-73. DOI: 10.1111/j.1872-034X.2011.00959.x
Aim: Several investigators have shown that interferon (IFN) therapy can suppress the recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after curative treatment. We investigated the effect of IFN therapy on the first and second HCC recurrence following hepatic resection of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related HCC.
Methods: Subjects included 166 patients who had undergone curative resection for a single HCV-related HCC. We analyzed the outcome after initial hepatic resection and risk factors of a second HCC recurrence following treatment for the first HCC recurrence.
Results: Using multivariate analysis, a non-sustained virological response (non-SVR) was significantly associated with a high incidence of first HCC recurrence. The rate of second HCC recurrence tended to be higher in the non-SVR group than in the SVR group. In the patients with recurrence of multiple tumors or who received non-curative treatment for recurrent HCC, the second HCC recurrence rates were significantly higher. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that non-curative treatment for first HCC recurrence was an independent risk factor for a second HCC recurrence. Among the patients who received curative treatment for their first HCC recurrence, the rates of second recurrence were significantly higher in the non-SVR group than in the SVR group. Multivariate analysis also revealed that SVR was independently associated with prevention of a second HCC recurrence.
Conclusions: These results suggest that on first HCC recurrence, a curative treatment should be considered in order to prevent a second recurrence if possible. In addition, IFN therapy contributes to improved prognosis after curative treatment, even in patients with recurrent HCC.
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ABSTRACT: Survivin has become an attractive anticancer therapeutic target due to its important role in tumor cell viability and its selective expression in tumor cells. In the present study, we constructed a recombinant siRNA plasmid vector against survivin and stably transfected it into HepG2 and SMMC‑7721 hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vitro. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR and western blotting were used to determine the expression of survivin mRNA and protein, respectively. Tumor cell proliferation was assessed by trypan blue exclusion. We evaluated the change in caspase-3 activity, and the rate of cell apoptosis and the cell cycle distribution were analyzed by flow cytometry. Assessment of chemosensitivity was carried out by MTT assay. The results showed that transfection of survivin siRNA caused a significant inhibition of survivin mRNA and protein expression which was associated with cell growth inhibition, specific G0/G1 phase arrest, increased caspase-3 activity and enhanced chemosensitivity to cisplatin in both HCC cell lines. We suggest that suppression of survivin expression by RNAi attenuates the malignant phenotype of hepatocellular carcinoma cells, and may provide a novel approach for anticancer gene therapy.
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ABSTRACT: The impact of antibodies to hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc) on survival after curative surgical resection (SR) for hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between anti-HBc positivity and survival of HCV-related HCC patients who underwent curative SR. A total of 222 patients with HCV-related, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-negative HCC who underwent curative SR were analyzed. They included 119 anti-HBc-positive patients (53.6%) and 103 anti-HBc-negative patients (46.4%). Overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates were compared between the two groups. The median follow-up periods in the anti-HBc-positive and anti-HBc-negative groups were 3.4 years (range, 0.3-10.9 years) and 3.2 years (range, 0.5-10.9 years), respectively. The 1-, 3- and 5-year cumulative OS rates were 88.8, 70.2 and 50.0%, respectively, in the anti-HBc-positive group and 95.8, 77.1 and 61.7% in the anti-HBc-negative group (P=0.300). The corresponding RFS rates were 68.7, 33.0 and 20.0%, respectively, in the anti-HBc-positive group and 74.4, 38.5 and 16.5% in the anti-HBc-negative group (P=0.482). Multivariate analyses identified serum albumin ≥3.8 g/dl (P=0.005) and the presence of microvascular invasion (P<0.001) as independent factors linked to OS, and interferon therapy after surgery (P=0.011), α-fetoprotein ≥40 ng/ml (P=0.030) and the presence of microvascular invasion (P<0.001) were significant predictors linked to RFS. In subgroup analyses according to maximum tumor size and background liver disease in terms of OS and RFS, no significant difference between the anti-HBc-positive and anti-HBc-negative groups was observed except in patients with non-cirrhotic liver in terms of RFS. In conclusion, anti-HBc-positivity is not a useful predictor for survival of patients with HCV-related HCC after curative SR.
Available from: Sadahisa Ogasawara
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ABSTRACT: Previous reports have shown that interferon (IFN)-based therapy decreases the risk of development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. However, it remains to be fully elucidated whether elimination of HCV by IFN-based therapy inhibits HCC recurrence after curative treatment, such as surgical resection and local ablation therapies. In this study, we aimed to clarify the influence of a sustained virological response (SVR) after IFN-based therapy on recurrence and survival after curative treatment of HCC. Fifty-one patients who underwent curative treatment of HCV-related HCC after receiving IFN-based therapy were analyzed retrospectively. They were classified into SVR (N = 14) and non-SVR groups (N = 37). In the SVR group, serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase, the indocyanine green retention rate at 15 min, and the percentages of patients with liver cirrhosis and HCV serotype 1 were significantly lower, whereas serum albumin level and platelet count were significantly higher upon HCC occurrence. Recurrence-free survival (RFS) for the first recurrence was significantly higher in the SVR group (P < 0.01). Multivariate analysis showed that SVR at initial HCC treatment (P < 0.01) and multiple tumors (P < 0.01) are prognostic factors for RFS. Moreover, RFS for the second recurrence showed a similar trend to that for the first recurrence. In conclusion, patients who underwent IFN-based therapy before initial curative treatment of HCC had a favorable clinical outcome compared with non-SVR patients.
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