MiR-21 inhibitor sensitizes human OSCC cells to cisplatin
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, 150001, China. Molecular Biology Reports
(Impact Factor: 2.02).
01/2012; 39(5):5481-5. DOI: 10.1007/s11033-011-1350-9
miR-21 as a tumor oncogenic molecule has been reported. However, whether miR-21 can affect the sensitivity of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells to cisplatin remain unclear. The aim of this study is to evaluate the roles of miR-21 in the sensitivity of OSCC cells to cisplatin. RT-PCR assay was performed to detect the expression of miR-21 in 10 pairs of OSCC and noncancerous tissue samples. Then As-miR-21 oligonucleotides were used to down the miR-21 expression. Finally, the effects of miR-21 downregulation the sensitivity of OSCC cells (CA-27) to cisplatin in vitro were also detected. The level of miR-21 expression in OSCC tissues was significantly higher than that in corresponding noncancerous tissues. Down the expression of miR-21 could significantly inhibit growth and induce apoptosis of CA-27 cells. Moreover, downregulation of miR-21 could sensitize CA-27 cells to cisplatin possibly by increasing cisplatin induced apoptosis. This study demonstrated that combination of cisplatin application with miR-21 downregulation might be a potential strategy for the treatment of human OSCC.
Available from: Vincent-Chong Vui King
- "A recent study demonstrated that up-regulated miR-21 is involved in promoting the growth of OSCC cell lines (Wang et al, 2012). This study subsequently reported that combination of an anticancer drug, cisplatin with down-regulation of miR-21 oligonucleotide, might be a potential approach to OSCC therapy (Wang et al, 2012). This study aims to identify the differential expression of miRNA in OSCC as compared to NC tissue and to associate the expression of differentially expressed miRNAs with clinico-pathological characteristics. "
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To identify differentially expressed miRNA between oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and non-cancer (NC) and to associate these with clinico-pathological parameters.
Materials and methods:
miRNA microarray profiling was utilized to obtain the expression profile of miRNAs in four OSCC and four NC samples. The expression of miR-31 and miR-375 was further validated in 26 OSCC and three NC samples using real-time-PCR. The association between miRNA expression and clinico-pathological parameters was tested by univariate and multivariate analyses.
Microarray profiling demonstrated that 15 and four miRNAs were up-regulated and down-regulated, respectively, in OSCC as compared with NC. miR-31 and miR-375 were validated as up- and down-regulated miRNAs, respectively. In univariate analyses, expression of miR-31 was significantly elevated in early stage, tumours with no metastatic nodes and those from the buccal mucosa. By contrast, low miR-375 expression was significantly associated with late stage disease, larger tumour size and the non-cohesive type of pattern of invasion in OSCC. The association between miR-31 expression with tumour staging and site and miR-375 with tumour staging remained significant in multivariate analyses.
This study has identified 19 miRNAs significantly associated with OSCC, and expressions of miR-31 and miR-375 were significantly related with clinico-pathological parameters suggesting they could be important in driving oral tumourigenesis.
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ABSTRACT: Chemoresistance is a challenge for clinician in management of tongue cancer. Therefore, it is necessary to explore alternative therapeutic methods to overcome drug resistance. miRNAs are endogenous -22nt RNAs that play important regulatory roles by targeting mRNAs. miR-21, an essential oncogenic molecule, is associated with chemosensitivity of several human cancer cells to anticancer agents. In this study, we investigated the effects and molecular mechanisms of miR-21 in chemosensitivity of tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells (TSCC) to cisplatin. miR-21 expression was detected in tongue cancer tissue using RT-PCR and PDCD4 protein expression was measured using immunohistochemistry. miR-21 and(or) PDCD4 depleted cell lines were generated using miR-21 inhibitor and(or) siRNA. The viabilities of treated cells were analyzed using MTT assay. RT-PCR was used to detect miR-21 expression and immunoblotting was used to detect protein levels. Cell cycle and apoptosis were analyzed using propidium iodide (PI) staining and Annexin V/PI staining, respectively. The expression of miR-21 in tumorous tissue was significantly higher compared with adjacent normal tissue and loss of PDCD4 expression was observed in TSCCs. Transfection of miR-21 inhibitor induced sensitivity of TSCC cells (Tca8113 and CAL-27) to cisplatin. TSCC cells transfected with PDCD4 siRNA became more resistant to cisplatin therapy. We found an increase PDCD4 protein level following the transfection of miR-21 inhibitor using Western blot analysis. In addition, the enhanced growth-inhibitory effect by miR-21 inhibitor was weakened after the addition of PDCD4 siRNA. Suppression of miR-21 or PDCD4 could significantly promote or reduce cisplatin-induced apoptosis, respectively. Our data suggest that miR-21 could modulate chemosensitivity of TSCC cells to cisplatin by targeting PDCD4, and miR-21 may serve as a potential target for TSCC therapy.
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ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs are a class of non-coding RNA which regulate gene expression. Their discovery in humans in 2000 has led to an explosion in research in this area in terms of their role as a biomarker, therapeutic target as well as trying to elucidate their function. This review aims to summarise the function of microRNAs as well as to examine how dysregulation at any step in their biogenesis or functional pathway can play a role in the development of cancer. We review which microRNAs are implicated as oncogenic or tumour suppressor in head and neck cancer as well as the data available on the use of microRNAs as diagnostic and prognostic marker. We also discuss routes for future research.
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