The congenital diaphragmatic hernia composite prognostic index correlates with survival in left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia
We developed the congenital diaphragmatic hernia congenital prognostic index (CDH-CPI) to incorporate all known prognostic variables into a single composite index to improve prognostic accuracy. The purpose of this study is to examine the ability of the CDH-CPI to predict survival in patients with left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia and to determine if the index has a stronger correlation with survival than each of the individual components. A retrospective review of patients with left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia between 2004 and 2010 was conducted. Ten prenatal parameters of the CDH-CPI were collected, total score was tabulated, and patients stratified according to total score and survival. Sixty-four patients with a prenatal diagnosis of left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia were identified. Patients with a CDH-CPI score of 8 or higher had a significantly higher survival than patients with a CDH-CPI score of lower than 8. The CDH-CPI has the strongest correlation with survival compared with the individual parameters measured. The CDH-CPI correlates with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation use, and 75% of patients with a score of 5 or lower were placed on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. The CDH-CPI accurately stratifies survival in left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia. The amalgamation of 10 prenatal parameters of the CDH-CPI may be a better prenatal predictor than any single prognostic variable currently used.