Yamamura, S, Saini, S, Majid, S, Hirata, H, Ueno, K, Deng, G et al.. MicroRNA-34a modulates c-Myc transcriptional complexes to suppress malignancy in human prostate cancer cells. PLoS ONE 7: e29722

University of Barcelona, Spain
PLoS ONE (Impact Factor: 3.23). 01/2012; 7(1):e29722. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0029722
Source: PubMed


MicroRNA-34a (miR-34a), a potent mediator of tumor suppressor p53, has been reported to function as a tumor suppressor and miR-34a was found to be downregulated in prostate cancer tissues. We studied the functional effects of miR-34a on c-Myc transcriptional complexes in PC-3 prostate cancer cells. Transfection of miR-34a into PC-3 cells strongly inhibited in vitro cell proliferation, cell invasion and promoted apoptosis. Transfection of miR-34a into PC-3 cells also significantly inhibited in vivo xenograft tumor growth in nude mice. miR-34a downregulated expression of c-Myc oncogene by targeting its 3' UTR as shown by luciferase reporter assays. miR-34a was found to repress RhoA, a regulator of cell migration and invasion, by suppressing c-Myc-Skp2-Miz1 transcriptional complex that activates RhoA. Overexpression of c-Myc reversed miR-34a suppression of RhoA expression, suggesting that miR-34a inhibits invasion by suppressing RhoA through c-Myc. miR-34a was also found to repress c-Myc-pTEFB transcription elongation complex, indicating one of the mechanisms by which miR-34a has profound effects on cellular function. This is the first report to document that miR-34a suppresses assembly and function of the c-Myc-Skp2-Miz1 complex that activates RhoA and the c-Myc-pTEFB complex that elongates transcription of various genes, suggesting a novel role of miR-34a in the regulation of transcription by c-Myc complex.

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    • "MiR-34a regulates the levels of PCa protooncogene c-MYC, which activates genes stimulating proliferation and is frequently deregulated in tumors. MiR-34a also inhibits cell proliferation in vitro (cell line PC-3) and in vivo, and it promotes apoptosis in PCa (Yamamura et al. 2012). MiR-34a plays an important role in the p53 protein pathway, the position of which is unique for cancer malignancy in almost all types of tumors. "
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    ABSTRACT: In this study we have chosen a new approach and characterized three miRNAs (miR-23a, miR-34a and miR-320a) related to prostate cancer and head and neck cancer by spectral (circular dichroic and UV-absorption spectra) and electrochemical (voltammetry at graphite and mercury electrodes) methods. The spectral and voltammetric results, reflecting different nucleotide sequences of miRNAs, were complemented by the results of DNAs(U) having the same oligonucleotide sequences as miRNAs. The effect of the substitution of ribose for deoxyribose was shown and structural diversity was confirmed. The stability of RNA and DNA(U) was studied using CD and UV-absorption spectroscopy and melting points were calculated. MiRNA-320a with the highest content of guanine provided the highest melting point. With respect to the rapid progress of miRNA electrochemical sensors, our results will be useful for the research and development of sensitive, portable and time-efficient miRNA sensors, which will be able to diagnose cancer and other diseases.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2015 · European Biophysics Journal
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    • "The aforementioned result suggested that miR-34a, miR-34b, and miR-34c not only target Myc in human derived cells as described previously [35]–[37], but also negatively regulate Myc expression in mouse species. In addition, Myc may also be the target of miR-340 and miR-135b, but this finding requires further investigation. "
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    ABSTRACT: ES cells can propagate indefinitely, maintain self-renewal, and differentiate into almost any cell type of the body. These properties make them valuable in the research of embryonic development, regenerative medicine, and organ transplantation. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are considered to have essential functions in the maintenance and differentiation of embryonic stem cells (ES cells). It was reported that, strong external stimuli, such as a transient low-pH and hypoxia stress, were conducive to the formation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS cells). AICA ribonucleotide (AICAR) is an AMP-activated protein kinase activator, which can let cells in the state of energy stress. We have demonstrated that AICAR can maintain the pluripotency of J1 mouse ES cells through modulating protein expression in our previous research, but its effects on ES cell miRNA expression remain unknown. In this study, we conducted small RNA high-throughput sequencing to investigate AICAR influence on J1 mouse ES cells by comparing the miRNA expression patterns of the AICAR-treated cells and those without treatment. The result showed that AICAR can significantly modulate the expression of multiple miRNAs, including those have crucial functions in ES cell development. Some differentially expressed miRNAs were selected and confirmed by real-time PCR. For the differently expressed miRNAs identified, further study was conducted regarding the pluripotency and differentiation associated miRNAs with their targets. Moreover, miR-134 was significantly down-regulated after AICAR treatment, and this was suggested to be directly associated with the up-regulated pluripotency markers, Nanog and Sox2. Lastly, Myc was significantly down-regulated after AICAR treatment; therefore, we predicted miRNAs that may target Myc and identified that AICAR induced up-regulation of miR-34a, 34b, and 34c can repress Myc expression in J1 mouse ES cells. Taken together, our study provide a new mechanism for AICAR in ES cells pluripotency maintenance and give insight for its usage in iPS cells generation.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2014 · PLoS ONE
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    • "Enforced expression of the miR-34a precursor into paclitaxel resistant prostate cancer cells resulted in decreases in ELAVL1 [80]. Xenografting miR-34a competent prostate cancer cells in nude mice notably repressed tumor growth as miR-34a suppressed the assembly and function of the c-Myc-Skp2-Miz1 complex [81]. Therefore, it is understandable that miRNA mediated control of AR is lost in TMPRSS2-ERG positive prostate cancer and ELAVL1 stabilizes the expression of AR and ERBB2 which synchronously trigger the expression of cancer promoting genes. "
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    ABSTRACT: Prostate cancer is a gland tumor in the male reproductive system. It is a multifaceted and genomically complex disease. Transmembrane protease, serine 2 and v-ets erythroblastosis virus E26 homolog (TMPRSS2-ERG) gene fusions are the common molecular signature of prostate cancer. Although tremendous advances have been made in unraveling various facets of TMPRSS2-ERG-positive prostate cancer, many research findings must be sequentially collected and re-interpreted. It is important to understand the activation or repression of target genes and proteins in response to various stimuli and the assembly in signal transduction in TMPRSS2-ERG fusion-positive prostate cancer cells. Accordingly, we divide this multi-component review ofprostate cancer cells into several segments: 1) The role of TMPRSS2-ERG fusion in genomic instability and methylated regulation in prostate cancer and normal cells; 2) Signal transduction cascades in TMPRSS2-ERG fusion-positive prostate cancer; 3) Overexpressed genes in TMPRSS2-ERG fusion-positive prostate cancer cells; 4) miRNA mediated regulation of the androgen receptor (AR) and its associated protein network; 5) Quantitative control of ERG in prostate cancer cells; 6) TMPRSS2-ERG encoded protein targeting; In conclusion, we provide a detailed understanding of TMPRSS2-ERG fusion related information in prostate cancer development to provide a rationale for exploring TMPRSS2-ERG fusion-mediated molecular network machinery.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2014 · Cancer Cell International
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