Increased B7-H1 Expression on Peripheral Blood T Cells in Oral Lichen Planus Correlated with Disease Severity

The State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Basic Science of Stomatology (Hubei-MOST), School & Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.
Journal of Clinical Immunology (Impact Factor: 3.18). 03/2012; 32(4):794-801. DOI: 10.1007/s10875-012-9683-2
Source: PubMed


Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic and T cell-mediated autoimmune disease whose immunopathogenesis may involve antigen-presentation, T cells activation and migration as well as keratinocytes apoptosis. PD-1/B7-H1 pathway may have a unique function in regulating self-reactive T cells associated with inflammatory response and maintaining tolerance in peripheral tissues. In this study, we aimed to explore the contribution of PD-1/B7-H1 pathway to OLP.
We determined the expression of PD-1 and B7-H1 on peripheral blood T cells from OLP cases and analyzed their association with disease severity assessed by RAE (reticular, atrophic and erosive lesion) scoring system. In addition, interferon-γ, interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-10 and soluble PD-1 concentrations in serum were measured using ELISA. Then, we explored the regulation of PD-1/B7-H1 pathway on T cells immune response in OLP by blockade of PD-1 or B7-H1.
We found that PD-1 and B7-H1 were up-regulated on peripheral blood T cells from OLP patients and B7-H1 expression positively correlated with disease severity of OLP. It is suggested that Th1 dominant inflammatory situation might contribute to the high expression of PD-1 and B7-H1 in OLP. Blockade of PD-1/B7-H1 pathway significantly increased the proliferation, and IFN-γ and IL-2 production of T cells.
PD-1/B7-H1 pathway may play an important role in negatively modulating T cell-mediated immune response in OLP, and provide the rationale to employ B7-H1 expression on peripheral blood T cells as a marker of severity of OLP and to develop agonists targeting PD-1/B7-H1 pathway as a promising immunotherapeutic strategy for OLP.

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    ABSTRACT: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a T cell-mediated autoimmune disease of oral mucosa, in which T helper 1 (Th1) cells are greatly involved. Chemokine CCL5 is required for T cells infiltration and activation. CCR5, one of its receptors, specifically expressed on Th1 cells among CD4(+) T cells, can be up-regulated by Th1 cytokines like interleukin2 (IL-2) and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), and down-regulated by Th2 cytokines like IL-4. The present study aimed to determine whether CCL5 and CCR5 had effects on the immune response of OLP. We analyzed the proportion of CCR5(+)CD4(+) T cells in CD4(+) T cells using flow cytometry and the serum levels of CCL5, IL-2, IFN-γ, and IL-4 with ELISA. MicroRNA-125a (miR-125a), a blocker of CCL5, was examined with RT-PCR. The results showed both the serum CCL5 and the percentage of CCR5(+)CD4(+) T cells elevated in OLP patients. Serum IL-2 and IFN-γ increased in OLP patients, but IL-4 decreased. MiR-125a was down-regulated in OLP patients, and there was a negative correlation between miR-125a content and the OLP severity which was measured with a RAE (reticular, atrophic and erosive lesion) scoring system. In conclusion, increasing CCl5/CCR5 might participate in the immune response of OLP. Th1-type cytokines environment presented in OLP probably performed as a magnifier for the CCR5. Moreover, miR-125a might be a candidate biomarker to estimate the severity of OLP.
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    ABSTRACT: Cytokines are powerful mediators which play a central role in both innate and adapted immune responses. Aberrant productions of cytokines may lead to the onset of immune deficiency, allergy or autoimmunity, which are involved in the mechanisms of various immune-mediated inflammatory diseases. Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic inflammation disease affecting the oral mucosa with unknown aetiology. Previous studies have described the abnormal expression patterns of various inflammation-related cytokines, such as IL-1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 17, 18, TGF-β, IFN-γ and TNF-α, in lesions, saliva, serum and peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with OLP, which may reflect the immune dysregulation status and emerge as central players in the immunopathogenesis of OLP. Besides, the gene polymorphisms of several cytokines such as IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-4, IL-10 have been found to be involved in the susceptibility of OLP. In this review, we gave a brief introduction of the characteristics and biological functions of these inflammation-related cytokines and summarized for the first time the current knowledge on the involvement of inflammation-related cytokines in OLP. Further research on the exact roles of these cytokines will aid the understanding of the pathogenesis and the identification of novel therapeutic approaches of OLP.
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