Flavin-containing monooxygenase 3 gene polymorphisms in Turkish population

Department of Pharmaceutical Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.
Toxicology mechanisms and methods (Impact Factor: 1.52). 03/2012; 22(6):461-5. DOI: 10.3109/15376516.2012.672481
Source: PubMed


Flavin-containing monooxygenases (FMOs) represent the second most important human monooxygenase system, after cytochrome P450s (CYPs) and catalyze the oxygenation of many chemicals containing nitrogen-, sulphur-, phosphorous-, selenium- and other nucleophilic heteroatoms. FMO3 is the prominent FMO form in adult human liver. For FMO3, both interindividual variability within a single ethnic group and variability between ethnic groups have been reported. In our study, three prevalent functional FMO3 variants (E158K, V257M, and E308G) were genotyped in healthy Turkish people by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) methods. The frequencies of alleles and haplotypes were compared with those obtained from different populations. It was found that FMO3 158K, 257M and 308G alleles, demonstrate impaired metabolism toward many FMO3 substrates, were observed frequently in Turkish population similar to the other populations. Also, the frequencies of haplotypes were determined based on individual allelic frequencies and it was observed that the most common haplotypes were haplotip EVE and KVE (E158K/V257M/E308G), which together accounted for 80% of all haplotypes. The obtained data from the present study could be useful for further studies assessing sensitivity to therapeutic drugs, environmental toxicants and common disease.

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Available from: Gul Ozhan, Dec 12, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Ischemic stroke is a multifactorial disease leading to severe long-term disability and it is the third leading cause of death in developed countries. Although many studies have been reported to elucidate etiological and pathological mechanisms of stroke, the genetic and molecular basis of disease remains poorly understood. Recent studies have shown that reactive oxygen species causing oxidative stress play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis that is the main cause of a group of cardiovascular diseases including ischemic stroke. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between FMO3 Glu158Lys and Glu308Gly variants, and the risk of incidence of ischemic stroke in Turkish population. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the FMO3 gene were genotyped by using PCR-RFLP technique in a sample set of 245 cases and 145 controls. In the case-control analysis, no significant difference was observed between stroke patients and controls with respect to FMO3 Glu158Lys and Glu308Gly polymorphisms genotype and allele frequency distribution. However, heterozygote 158Glu/Lys (OR=6.110, P<0.001) and 308Glu/Gly (OR=6.000, P=0.006) genotypes increase the risk of stroke 6 times in hypertensive subjects. On the other hand, the wild type genotypes 158Glu/Glu and 308Glu/Glu had 6.2-fold and 4.8-fold higher risk of ischemic stroke in obese subgroup, respectively. Our results clearly showed that the risk of hypertension-related ischemic stroke was higher in the heterozygote genotype carriers. This is the first study conducted regarding the association of FMO3 Glu158Lys and Glu308Gly genetic polymorphisms and ischemic stroke risk in Turkish population.
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