The difference of glucostatic parameters according to the remission of diabetes after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews (Impact Factor: 3.55). 07/2012; 28(5):439-46. DOI: 10.1002/dmrr.2297
Source: PubMed


Gut hormones play a role in diabetes remission after a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Our aim was to investigate differences in gut hormone secretion according to diabetes remission after surgery. Second, we aimed to identify differences in insulin secretion and sensitivity according to diabetes remission after RYGB.
Twenty-two severely obese patients with type 2 diabetes underwent RYGB. A meal tolerance test (MTT) was performed 12 months after RYGB. The secretions of active glucagon-like peptide-1 (active GLP-1), glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP), peptide YY, C-peptide and insulin during the MTT test were calculated using total area under the curve values (AUC). Remission was defined as glycated haemoglobin (A(1C)) of <6.5% and a fasting glucose concentration of <126 mg/dL for 1 year or more without active pharmacological therapy.
Of the 22 patients, 16 (73%) had diabetes remission (remission group). The secretion CURVES of active GLP-1, GIP and peptide YY were not different between the groups. AUC of insulin and C-peptide were also not different. Homeostasis model assessment estimate of insulin resistance was significantly lower (1.26 ± 1.05 versus 2.37 ± 1.08, p = 0.006), and Matsuda index of insulin sensitivity was significantly higher in the remission group (10.5 ± 6.2 versus 5.8 ± 2.1, p = 0.039). The disposition index (functional reserve of beta cells) was significantly higher in the remission group compared with that in the non-remission group (5.34 ± 2.74 versus 1.83 ± 0.70, p < 0.001).
Remission of diabetes after RYGB is not associated with a difference in gut hormone secretion. Patients remaining diabetic had higher insulin resistance and decreased β cell functional reserve.

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