Spondyloarthropathies in Autoimmune Diseases and Vice Versa

Center for Autoimmune Diseases Research (CREA), School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universidad del Rosario, Carrera 24 # 63-C-69, Bogotá, Colombia.
Autoimmune diseases 02/2012; 2012(1):736384. DOI: 10.1155/2012/736384
Source: PubMed


Polyautoimmunity is one of the major clinical characteristics of autoimmune diseases (ADs). The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of ADs in spondyloarthropathies (SpAs) and vice versa. This was a two-phase cross-sectional study. First, we examined the presence of ADs in a cohort of patients with SpAs (N = 148). Second, we searched for the presence of SpAs in a well-defined group of patients with ADs (N = 1077) including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and Sjögren's syndrome (SS). Among patients with SpAs, ankylosing spondylitis was observed in the majority of them (55.6%). There were two patients presenting with SS in the SpA group (1.4%) and 5 patients with autoimmune thyroiditis (3.5%). The global prevalence of ADs in SpAs was 4.86%. In the ADs group, there were 5 patients with SpAs (0.46%). Our results suggest a lack of association between SpAs and ADs. Accordingly, SpAs might correspond more to autoinflammatory diseases rather than to ADs.

Download full-text


Available from: Juan-Manuel Anaya
  • Source
    • "AA, alopecia areata; AdD, Addison's disease; AS, ankylosing spondylitis; AITD, autoimmune thyroid disease; CD, celiac disease; CrD, Crohn's disease; FDR, first degree relative; IBD, inflammatory bowel disease; IIM, idiopathic inflammatory myositis; JDM, juvenile dermatomyositis; JRA, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis; JSLE, juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus; MAS, multiple autoimmune syndrome; MG, myasthenia gravis; MS, multiple sclerosis; PA, pernicious anemia; PAN, polyarteritis nodosa; PBC, primary biliary cirrhosis; PSO, psoriasis; RA, rheumatoid arthritis; SLE, systemic lupus erythematosus; SS, Sjögren's syndrome; SSc, systemic sclerosis; T1D, type 1 diabetes; UC, ulcerative colitis; VIT, vitiligo; WG, Wegener's granulomatosis. Note: Although AS is considered an auto inflammatory more than autoimmune disease [76] we show the results obtained. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background A primary characteristic of complex genetic diseases is that affected individuals tend to cluster in families (that is, familial aggregation). Aggregation of the same autoimmune condition, also referred to as familial autoimmune disease, has been extensively evaluated. However, aggregation of diverse autoimmune diseases, also known as familial autoimmunity, has been overlooked. Therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis were performed aimed at gathering evidence about this topic. Methods Familial autoimmunity was investigated in five major autoimmune diseases, namely, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, autoimmune thyroid disease, multiple sclerosis and type 1 diabetes mellitus. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines were followed. Articles were searched in Pubmed and Embase databases. Results Out of a total of 61 articles, 44 were selected for final analysis. Familial autoimmunity was found in all the autoimmune diseases investigated. Aggregation of autoimmune thyroid disease, followed by systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis, was the most encountered. Conclusions Familial autoimmunity is a frequently seen condition. Further study of familial autoimmunity will help to decipher the common mechanisms of autoimmunity.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2013 · BMC Medicine
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although autoimmune thyroid disease is well known to be associated with primary Sjögren's syndrome (SjS) and with various autoimmune diseases, it is less clear whether a similar association also exists for ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Therefore, we investigated the frequency of autoimmune thyroid disease in patients with AS. In this cross sectional study, 80 patients with AS fulfilling the 1984 Modified New York Criteria and 80 healthy subjects, age and sex-matched with AS patients, were included. As the positive control group, 62 female patients with primary SjS were also studied. All cases underwent thyroid ultrasonography (USG) by a single endocrinologist. Thyroid function tests and thyroid autoantibodies were measured. The diagnosis of Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) was made if the patient had thyroid autoantibody positivity plus at least one of the following criteria: diffuse goiter with physical examination, abnormality in thyroid function tests, and parenchymal heterogeneity with USG. The chi-squared test and Fisher's exact test were used to compare cases and controls. The p values <0.05 were considered statistically significant. The frequencies of parenchymal heterogeneity with USG (30 vs 11.3 %, p = 0.045), thyroid autoantibody positivity (13.8 vs 2.5 %, p = 0.017), and concomitant diagnosis of HT (10 vs 1.3 %, p = 0.034) were significantly higher in AS group compared to healthy controls. Among AS patients having HT, subclinical hypothyroidism was detected only in a single patient. Frequency of autoimmune thyroid disease was significantly higher in AS group, compared to healthy controls. Prospective studies are needed to see the clinical relevance of these findings and outcome in the long term.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Clinical Rheumatology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background The relationship between asthma and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is controversial. We examined the risk of asthma among AS patients in a nationwide population. Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort study using data from the National Health Insurance (NHI) system of Taiwan. The cohort included 5,974 patients newly diagnosed with AS from 2000 to 2010. The date of diagnosis was defined as the index date. A 4-fold of general population without AS was randomly selected frequency matched by age, gender and the index year. The occurrence and hazard ratio (HR) of asthma were estimated by the end of 2011. Results The overall incidence of asthma was 1.74 folds greater in the AS cohort than in the non-AS cohort (8.26 versus 4.74 per 1000 person-years) with a multivariable Cox method measured adjusted HR of 1.54 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.34–1.76). The adjusted HR of asthma associated with AS was higher in women (1.59; 95% CI, 1.33–1.90), those aged 50–64 years (1.66; 95% CI, 1.31–2.09), or those without comorbidities (1.82; 95% CI, 1.54–2.13). Conclusion Patients with AS are at a higher risk of developing asthma than the general population, regardless of gender and age. The pathophysiology needs further investigation.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2015 · PLoS ONE
Show more

We use cookies to give you the best possible experience on ResearchGate. Read our cookies policy to learn more.