Weighted DFT Codebook for Multiuser MIMO in Spatially Correlated Channels
This paper proposes a novel codebook for multiuser multiple-input multiple-output systems under spatially correlated channels. Existing codebooks designed for correlated channels either require accurate channel statistics which is not favorable for practical systems, or only perform well in highly correlated channels. In this paper, we first analyze the per-user rate loss led by using DFT codebook, then propose a two-level codebook, named weighted DFT codebook. It consists of a DFT-based codebook and a Grassmannian linear packing codebook. The proposed scheme does not need accurate channel statistics and can adapt to both correlated and uncorrelated scenarios. Simu- lation results show significant performance gain of the proposed codebook over the existing codebooks in various correlated channels. Index Terms—Limited feedback, MU-MIMO, WDFT, Code- book
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