A priori knowledge based particle filter for estimating 3-D pose position of implanted knee
For estimating 3-D pose position of artificial knee implants in vivo, there are some studies based on 2-D/3-D image registration of 2-D fluoroscopy images and 3-D geometrical model. Knee implant mainly consists of femoral component and tibial component. Most conventional studies estimate 3-D pose position of femoral component and tibial component individually. Rather, they don't evaluate relative position between the femoral and tibial components. This paper proposes a method for estimating 3-D pose position of implanted knee based on particle filter. A priori knowledge on the relational position of the components are utilized by using fuzzy membership functions. The experimental results for a patient and simulation DR images showed that the proposed method adequately estimate 3-D pose position of the femoral and tibial components with respect to relational position between the components.