Conference Paper

New Beamforming Schemes with Optimum Receive Combining for Multiuser MIMO systems

DOI: 10.1109/ICC.2008.773 Conference: Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2008, Beijing, China, 19-23 May 2008
Source: DBLP


In this paper, we present a new beamforming scheme for a downlink of multiuser multiple-input multiple- output (MIMO) communication systems. Recently, a block- diagonalization (BD) algorithm has been proposed for the mul- tiuser MIMO downlink where both a base station and each user have multiple antennas. However, the BD algorithm is not efficient when the number of supported streams per user is smaller than that of receive antennas. Since the BD method utilizes the nullspace based on the channel matrix without considering the receive combining, the degree of freedom for beamforming cannot be fully exploited at the transmitter. In this paper, we optimize the receive beamforming vector under a zero forcing (ZF) constraint, where all inter-user interference is driven to zero. We propose an efficient algorithm to find the optimum receive vector by an iterative procedure. The proposed algorithm requires two phase values feedforward information for the receive combining vector. Also, we present another algorithm which needs only one phase value by using a decomposition of the complex general unitary matrix. Simulation results show that the proposed beamforming scheme outperforms the conventional BD algorithm in terms of error probability and obtains the diversity enhancement by utilizing the degree of freedom at the base station.

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