Conference Paper

An Argumentation-Based Approach to Multiple Criteria Decision

University of Toulouse, Tolosa de Llenguadoc, Midi-Pyrénées, France
DOI: 10.1007/11518655_24 Conference: Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty, 8th European Conference, ECSQARU 2005, Barcelona, Spain, July 6-8, 2005, Proceedings
Source: DBLP


The paper presents a first tentative work that investigates the interest and the questions raised by the introduction of argumenta- tion capabilities in multiple criteria decision-making. Emphasizing the positive and the negative aspects of possible choices, by means of ar- guments in favor or against them is valuable to the user of a decision- support system. In agreement with the symbolic character of arguments, the proposed approach remains qualitative in nature and uses a bipolar scale for the assessment of criteria. The paper formalises a multicriteria decision problem within a logical argumentation system. An illustrative example is provided. Various decision principles are considered, whose psychological validity is assessed by an experimental study.

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    • "Other representations of the preferences could be included in these models and other semantics could be used to compute acceptable subsets of arguments. More complex argumentation schemes such as those for practical reasoning (Atkinson et al. 2006) could be used, as well as other relations between the arguments, namely a support relation (Amgoud et al. 2007). Furthermore, tools should be developed to support participants involved in participatory decision-making processes to help them draft, in a structured manner, the documents they wish to present. "
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    • "In the literature of argumentative systems, several approaches use a fixed comparison criterion embedded in the system and in others the criterion can be replaced in a modular way. In [2] [12] [8], the authors also focused their works in multiple criteria, however, in a different manner to the way is proposed in this paper. The main contribution of this paper is to provide a framework where several comparison criteria can be selected and combined for deciding which argument prevails. "
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    • "no contradiction, no negotiation) argumentative discourses, designed to help a user to reach a goal, making the best decisions (see e.g. [3], [4]). This type of discourse contains a number of facets, which are all associated in a way to argumentation. "
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