We present the robotics through the use of pedagogical robotics kits such as the LEGO Mindstorms kit. So, we intend to introduce the basic concepts used in robotics like the use of components such as controllers, servo motors, actuators and sensors, as well as the proper choice to a model for a basis of a robot, and the programming of its controller to solve some problem. The approach will be ... [Show full abstract] done in an abstracted way, aiming to give a general view of robotics without concerning to details as the mechanics enveloped in the most basic components as the gears nor in more complex algorithms as the space locating. The practical activities proposed here consist in the mounting of robots, followed by their control and programming. A discussion about educational robotics is also the core of this work.