Map-Aided Localization in Sparse Global Positioning System Environments Using Vision and Particle Filtering

Journal of Field Robotics (Impact Factor: 1.43). 09/2011; 28(5):619-643. DOI: 10.1002/rob.20395
Source: DBLP


A map-aided localization approach using vision, inertial sensors when available, and a particle filter is proposed and empirically evaluated. The approach, termed PosteriorPose, uses a Bayesian particle filter to augment global positioning system (GPS) and inertial navigation solutions with vision-based measurements of nearby lanes and stop lines referenced against a known map of environmental features. These map-relative measurements are shown to improve the quality of the navigation solution when GPS is available, and they are shown to keep the navigation solution converged in extended GPS blackouts. Measurements are incorporated with careful hypothesis testing and error modeling to account for non-Gaussian and multimodal errors committed by GPS and vision-based detection algorithms. Using a set of data collected with Cornell's autonomous car, including a measure of truth via a high-precision differential corrections service, an experimental investigation of important design elements of the PosteriorPose estimator is conducted. The algorithm is shown to statistically outperform a tightly coupled GPS/inertial navigation solution both in full GPS coverage and in extended GPS blackouts. Statistical performance is also studied as a function of road type, filter likelihood models, bias models, and filter integrity tests. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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    • "GPS, direction, road shapes, velocities). Particle filter is commonly used in map-matching [5]. Vehicle localization part uses map information to adjust vehicle location . "
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    ABSTRACT: Vehicle localization is the primary information needed for advanced tasks like navigation. This information is usually provided by the use of Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers. However, the low accuracy of GPS in urban environments makes it unreliable for further treatments. The combination of GPS data and additional sensors can improve the localization precision. In this article, a marking feature based vehicle localization method is proposed, able to enhance the localization performance. To this end, markings are detected using a multi-kernel estimation method from an on-vehicle camera. A particle filter is implemented to estimate the vehicle position with respect to the detected markings. Then, map-based markings are constructed according to an open source map database. Finally, vision-based markings and map-based markings are fused to obtain the improved vehicle fix. The results on road traffic scenarios using a public database show that our method leads to a clear improvement in localization accuracy.
    Full-text · Conference Paper · Dec 2014
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    • "Automotive systems used for mapping and localization the map information is moved from feature level to signal level. [6] integrated OpenStreetMap data into the robot tasks of localization, and in [7] a multi-camera system has been developed for outdoor localization. "
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    ABSTRACT: Estimating the pose in real-time is a primary function for intelligent vehicle navigation. Whilst different solutions exist, most of them rely on the use of high-end sensors. This paper proposes a solution that exploits an automotive type L1-GPS receiver, features extracted by low-cost perception sensors and vehicle proprioceptive information. A key idea is to use the lane detection function of a video camera to retrieve accurate lateral and orientation information with respect to road lane markings. To this end, lane markings are mobile-mapped by the vehicle itself during a first stage by using an accurate localizer. Then, the resulting map allows for the exploitation of camera-detected features for autonomous real-time localization. The results are then combined with GPS estimates and dead-reckoning sensors in order to provide localization information with high availability. As L1-GPS errors can be large and are time correlated, we study in the paper several GPS error models that are experimentally tested with shaping filters. The approach demonstrates that the use of low-cost sensors with adequate data-fusion algorithms should lead to computer-controlled guidance functions in complex road networks.
    Full-text · Conference Paper · Nov 2013
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    • "In [3], 2D road maps are used as the geographic reference for global vehicle localization with 3 degree of freedom (3DoF) particle filtering. Miller et al. [19] presented a similar map-aided approach for visual SLAM with particle filtering but combined it with GPS data. In [20], a method to recover position and attitude using a combination of monocular visual odometry and GPS measurements was presented, and the SLAM errors were carefully analysed after filtering. "
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    ABSTRACT: Accurate localization of moving sensors is essential for many fields, such as robot navigation and urban mapping. In this paper, we present a framework for GPS-supported visual Simultaneous Localization and Mapping with Bundle Adjustment (BA-SLAM) using a rigorous sensor model in a panoramic camera. The rigorous model does not cause system errors, thus representing an improvement over the widely used ideal sensor model. The proposed SLAM does not require additional restrictions, such as loop closing, or additional sensors, such as expensive inertial measurement units. In this paper, the problems of the ideal sensor model for a panoramic camera are analysed, and a rigorous sensor model is established. GPS data are then introduced for global optimization and georeferencing. Using the rigorous sensor model with the geometric observation equations of BA, a GPS-supported BA-SLAM approach that combines ray observations and GPS observations is then established. Finally, our method is applied to a set of vehicle-borne panoramic images captured from a campus environment, and several ground control points (GCP) are used to check the localization accuracy. The results demonstrated that our method can reach an accuracy of several centimetres.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2012 · Sensors
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