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# Four-dimensional hilbert curves for R-trees.

ACM Journal of Experimental Algorithmics 01/2011; 16.
Source: DBLP
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• "The other solution, cd-representation, leads to many points whose last two coordinates are almost zero. In previous work we argued and showed evidence that it is important that such four-dimensional points are ordered as much as possible as if the represented rectangles were simply ordered according to the positions of their centre points along a good two-dimensional space-filling curve [9]. This can be achieved by using four-dimensional curves that are diagonal-or first-half-extradimensional to Hilbert's two-dimensional curve. "
##### Article: Harmonious Hilbert curves and other extradimensional space-filling curves
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ABSTRACT: This paper introduces a new way of generalizing Hilbert's two-dimensional space-filling curve to arbitrary dimensions. The new curves, called harmonious Hilbert curves, have the unique property that for any d' < d, the d-dimensional curve is compatible with the d'-dimensional curve with respect to the order in which the curves visit the points of any d'-dimensional axis-parallel space that contains the origin. Similar generalizations to arbitrary dimensions are described for several variants of Peano's curve (the original Peano curve, the coil curve, the half-coil curve, and the Meurthe curve). The d-dimensional harmonious Hilbert curves and the Meurthe curves have neutral orientation: as compared to the curve as a whole, arbitrary pieces of the curve have each of d! possible rotations with equal probability. Thus one could say these curves are `statistically invariant' under rotation---unlike the Peano curves, the coil curves, the half-coil curves, and the familiar generalization of Hilbert curves by Butz and Moore. In addition, prompted by an application in the construction of R-trees, this paper shows how to construct a 2d-dimensional generalized Hilbert or Peano curve that traverses the points of a certain d-dimensional diagonally placed subspace in the order of a given d-dimensional generalized Hilbert or Peano curve. Pseudocode is provided for comparison operators based on the curves presented in this paper.
Preview · Article · Nov 2012
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##### Article: Reordering Columns for Smaller Indexes
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ABSTRACT: Column-oriented indexes-such as projection or bitmap indexes-are compressed by run-length encoding to reduce storage and increase speed. Sorting the tables improves compression. On realistic data sets, permuting the columns in the right order before sorting can reduce the number of runs by a factor of two or more. Unfortunately, determining the best column order is NP-hard. For many cases, we prove that the number of runs in table columns is minimized if we sort columns by increasing cardinality. Experimentally, sorting based on Hilbert space-filling curves is poor at minimizing the number of runs.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2009 · Information Sciences
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##### Article: Locality and bounding-box quality of two-dimensional space-filling curves
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ABSTRACT: Space-filling curves can be used to organise points in the plane into bounding-box hierarchies (such as R-trees). We develop measures of the bounding-box quality of space-filling curves that express how effective different space-filling curves are for this purpose. We give general lower bounds on the bounding-box quality measures and on locality according to Gotsman and Lindenbaum for a large class of space-filling curves. We describe a generic algorithm to approximate these and similar quality measures for any given curve. Using our algorithm we find good approximations of the locality and the bounding-box quality of several known and new space-filling curves. Surprisingly, some curves with relatively bad locality by Gotsman and Lindenbaum's measure, have good bounding-box quality, while the curve with the best-known locality has relatively bad bounding-box quality.
Preview · Article · Feb 2010 · Computational Geometry