Computer Models of Musical Creativity, David Cope MIT Press (2005)

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... If "creativity" is viewed an innately human capability, then how might we be forced to reconceptualize our understanding of artwork when AI produces more aesthetically pleasing artwork or passes the artistic "Turing Test?" Artificial intelligence's pursuit of art is not limited to visual arts. Currently, there are studies on building artificial intelligence to create music and poems [9][10][11]. Some might say these creative products created by AI merely imitate human work. ...
This study examines how people perceive artwork created by artificial intelligence (AI) and how presumed knowledge of an artist's identity (Human vs AI) affects individuals' evaluation of art. Drawing on Schema theory and theory of Computers Are Social Actors (CASA), this study used a survey-experiment that controlled for the identity of the artist (AI vs. Human) and presented participants with two types of artworks (AI-created vs. Human-created). After seeing images of six artworks created by either AI or human artists, participants (n=288) were asked to evaluate the artistic value using a validated scale commonly employed among art professionals. The study found that human-created artworks and AI-created artworks were not judged to be equivalent in their artistic value. Additionally, knowing that a piece of was created by AI did not in general influence participants' evaluation of art pieces' artistic value. However, having a schema that AI cannot make art significantly influenced evaluation. Implications of the findings for application and theory are discussed.
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